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Elderly patients with severe symptomatic calcific aortic stenosis do poorly with medical management. The optimal treatment for this group of patients is surgical valve replacement. Balloon valvuloplasty may be useful as a bridge to aortic valve replacement in hemodynamically unstable patients, in patients undergoing emergent noncardiac surgery, and in patients with severe comorbidities who are too ill to undergo cardiac surgery. Balloon valvuloplasty often results in symptomatic improvement; however, the postvalvuloplasty valve area is usually <1.0 cm2, the major periprocedural complication rate is roughly 5%, and the 6-month restenosis rate is quite high. There is no evidence that balloon valvuloplasty alters the natural history of aortic stenosis, although no randomized study has been performed.