SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Ang, I. (1991). Desperately seeking the audience. London : Routledge.
  • Bell, D. (1960). The end of ideology. Glencoe , IL : Free Press.
  • Boyd-Barrett, O., & Scanlon, E. (Eds.). (1991). Computers and learning. Workingham , England : Addison-Wesley.
  • Blumler, J., & Katz, E. (Eds.) (1974). The uses of mass communications. Beverly Hills , CA : Sage.
  • Cathcart, R., & Gumpert, G. (1983). Mediated interpersonal communication: Toward a new typology. Quarterly Journal of Speech, 267268.
  • Chaffee, S.H., & Mutz, D.C. (1988). Comparing mediated and interpersonal communication data. In R. P.Hawkins et al. (Eds.), Advancing communication science: Merging mass and interpersonal processes (pp. 1943). Newbury Park , CA : Sage.
  • Connolly, T., & Thorn, B.K. (1991). Discretionary data bases: Theory, data, and implications. In J.Fulk & C.Steinfield (Eds.), Organizations and communication technology (pp. 219233). Newbury Park , CA : Sage.
  • DeFleur, M., & Ball-Rokeach, S. (1989). Theories of mass communication. 5th Ed. New York : Longman.
  • Dennis, A., & Gallupe, R. (1993). A history of group support systems empirical research: Lessons learned and future directions. In L. M.Jessup & J. S.Valacich (Eds.), Group support systems: New perspectives (pp. 5977). New York : Macmillan.
  • Fejes, F. (1984). Critical mass communications research and media effects: The problem of the disappearing audience. Media, Culture and Society, 6, 219232.
  • Krol, E. (1994). The whole Internet: User's guide & catalog (2nd ed.). Sebastopol , CA : Reilly.
  • Kuhn, T. (1974). Second thoughts on paradigms. In F.Suppe (ed.), The structure of scientific theories (pp. 459482). Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
  • Lazarsfeld, P., Berelson, B., & Gaudet, H. (1944). The people's choice. New York : Duell, Sloan, & Pearce.
  • Lyotard, J.-F. (1983). Answering the question: What is postmodernism? In I.Hassan & S.Hassan (Eds.) Innovation/renovation (pp. 7182). Madison : University of Wisconsin Press.
  • Markus, M. (1991). Toward a “critical mass” theory of interactive media. In J.Fulk & C.Steinfield (Eds.), Organizations and communication technology (pp. 194218). Newbury Park , CA : Sage.
  • Marvin, C. (1988). When old technologies were new. New York : Oxford University Press.
  • McLuhan, M. (1960) Effects of the improvements of communication media, Journal of Economic History, 20, pp. 566575.
  • McQuail, D., & Windahl, S. (1993). Communication models for the study of mass communication (2nd ed.). New York : Longman.
  • McQuail, D. (1987). Mass communication theory: An introduction. 2nd Ed. London : Sage.
  • Oates, W. (1982). Effects of computer-assisted instruction in writing skills on journalism students in beginning newswriting classes. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington .
  • Ogan, C. (1993). Listserver communication during the Gulf War: What kind of medium is the electronic bulletin board Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 37(2), 177196.
  • Oliver, P., Marwell, G., & Teixeira, R. (1985), A theory of the critical mass: Interdependence, group heterogeneity, and the production of collective action, American Journal of Sociology, 91(3) 522556.
  • O'Shea, T., & Self, J. (1983). Learning and teaching with computers: Artificial intelligence in education. Englewood Cliffs , NJ : Prentice-Hall.
  • Poole, M., & Jackson, M. (1993). Communication theory and group support systems. In L.Jessup & J.Valacich (Eds.), Group support systems: New perspectives (pp. 281293). New York : Macmillan.
  • Rafaeli, S. (1988). Interactivity: From new media to communication. In R.Hawkins et al. (Eds.), Advancing communication science: Merging mass and interpersonal processes (16, pp. 110134). Newbury Park , CA : Sage.
  • Rafaeli, S. (1986). The electronic bulletin board: A computer-driven mass medium. Computers and the Social Sciences, 2, 123136.
  • Rakow, L. (1992). Gender on the line: Women, the telephone and community life. Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
  • Reardon, K., & Rogers, E. (1988), Interpersonal versus mass media communication: A false dichotomy, Human Communication Research, 15(2), 284303.
  • Rheingold, H. (1994). The virtual community: Finding connection in a computerized world. London : Secker & Warburg.
  • Rogers, E. (1986). Communication technology: The new media in society New York : Free Press.
  • Rogers, E. (1983), Communication as an academic discipline: A dialogue, Journal of Communication, 33(3) 1830.
  • Rosengren, K. (1974). Uses and gratifications: A paradigm outlined. In J. O.Blumler & E.Katz (Eds.), The uses of mass communications (pp. 269286). Beverly Hills , CA : Sage.
  • Schudson, M. (1992). Was there ever a public sphere? If so, when? Reflections on the American case. In C.Calhoun (ed.). Habermas and the public sphere (pp. 143163). Cambridge , MA : MIT Press.
  • Sproull, L., & Kiesler, S. (1991). Connections: New ways of working in the networked organization. Cambridge , MA : MIT Press.
  • Swift, C. R. (1989). Audience activity in computer-mediated communication. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Indiana University, Bloomington .
  • Walther, J. B. (1992a). Interpersonal effects in computer-mediated interaction: A relational perspective. Communication Research, 19(1), 5290.
  • Walther, J. B. (1992b, May). When mediated dyadic communication is not interpersonal. Paper presented at the International Communication Association annual meeting, Miami , FL .
  • Warner, M. (1992). The mass public and the mass subject. In C.Calhoun (ed.), Habermas and the public sphere (pp. 359376). Cambridge , MA : MIT Press.
  • Wartella, E., & Reeves, B. (1985). Historical trends in research on chldren and the media. Journal of Communication, 35(2), 118133.