SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Abbate, J. (1999). Inventing the Internet (inside technology). Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press.
  • Argyle, K. (1996). Life after death. In R.Sheilds (Ed.), Cultures of Internet: Virtual spaces, real histories, living bodies (pp. 5869). London : Sage.
  • Bakardjieva, M., & Smith, R. (2001). The Internet in everyday life. New Media & Society, 3(1), 6783.
  • Bangemann, M. (1994). Europe and the global information society: Recommendations to the European Council. The High Level Group on the Information Society. Brussels : CEC.
  • Barlow, J. P. (1996). A declaration of the independence of cyberspace. Retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.eff.org/pub/Publications/John_Perry_Barlow/barlow_0296.declaration.
  • Barney, D. (2000). Prometheus wired: The hope for democracy in the age of network technology. Sydney : UNSW Press.
  • Baudrillard, J. (1983). In the shadow of the silent majorities. New York : Semiotext(e), Inc.
  • Baym, N. K. (1995). From practice to culture on Usenet. In S. L.Star (Ed.), The cultures of computing (pp. 2952). Oxford : Blackwell.
  • Baym, N. K. (1998). The emergence of on-line community. In S. G.Jones (Ed.), Cybersociety 2.0: Revisiting computer-mediated communication and community (pp. 3568). Thousand Oaks , Ca : Sage.
  • Bell, D. (1973). The coming of postindustrial society: A venture in social forecasting. New York : Basic Books.
  • Birnie, S. A., & Horvath, P. (2002). Pyschological predictors of Internet social communication. Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 7(4), retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol7/issue4/horvath.html.
  • Cairncross, F. (1997). The death of distance: How the communications revolution will change our lives. Boston , Mass : Harvard Business School Press.
  • Carpenter, S. R. (1992). Instrumentalist and expressivists: Ambiguous links between technology and democracy. In L.Winner (Ed.), Democracy in a technological society (pp. 161173). Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Castells, M. (1999). The information age: Economy, society and culture (Volumes I, II and III). Cambridge , Mass : Blackwell.
  • Charney, T. & Greenberg, B. (2001). Uses and gratifications of the Internet. In C.Lin & D.Atkin (Eds.), Communication, technology and society: New media adoption and uses (pp. 379407). Hampton Press.
  • Chou, C., & Hsiao, M. C. (2000). Internet addiction, usage, gratification, and pleasure experience: the Taiwan college students' case. Computers and Education, 35, 6580.
  • Ceruzzzi, P. (1996). From scientific instrument to everyday appliance: the emergence of personal computers, 1970-77. History and Technology, 13(1), 131.
  • Correll, S. (1995). The ethnography of an electronic bar: The lesbian café. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 24, 274298.
  • Curran, J. (1990). The new revisionism in mass communication research: A reappraisal. European Journal of Communication, 5(2/3), 135164.
  • Dahlberg, L. (2000). The Internet and the public sphere: A critical analysis of the possibility of online discourse enhancing deliberative democracy. Doctoral dissertation in sociology, Massey University.
  • Dimmick, J., Kline, S., & Stafford, L. (2000). The gratification niches of personal e-mail and the telephone. Communication Research, 27, 227248.
  • Dubrovsky, V., Kiesler, S., & Sethna, B. (1991). The equalization phenomena: Status effects in computer-mediated and face-to-face decision-making groups. Human-Computer Interaction, 6(2), 11946.
  • Dutton, W. H., (Ed.) (1996). Information and communication technologies: Visions and realities. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Dutton, W. H. (1999). Society on the line: Information politics in the digital age. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Dyson, E., Gilder, G., Keyworth, G., & Toffler, A. (1994). A Magna Carta for the knowledge age. The Progress and Freedom Foundation. Retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.pff.org/publications/ecommerce/fi1.2magnacarta.html.
  • Ebersole, S. (2000). Uses and gratifications of the Web among students. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 6(1), retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol6/issue1/ebersole.html.
  • Eighmey, J., & McCord, L. (1998). Adding value in the information age: Uses and gratifications of sites on the World Wide Web. Journal of Business Research, 41(3), 187194.
  • Ellul, J. (1964). The technological society. New York : Vintage.
  • Facer, K., Sutherland, R., Furlong, R., & Furlong, J. (2001). What's the point of using computers New Media & Society, 3(2), 199219.
  • Ferguson, D., & Perse, E. (2000). The World Wide Web as a functional alternative to television. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 44(2), 155174.
  • Flaherty, L. M., Pearce, K. J., & Rubin, R. B. (1998). Internet and face-to-face communication: Not functional alternatives. Communication Quarterly, 46(3), 250268.
  • Fiske, J. (1987). Television culture. London : Routledge.
  • Flanagin, A., & Metzger, M. (2001). Internet use in contemporary media environment. Human Communication Research, 27(1), 153181.
  • Flanagin, A. J., Farinola, W., & Metzger, M. J. (2000). The technical code of the Internet/World Wide Web. Critical Studies in Media Communication, 17(4), 409428.
  • Flichy, P. (1995). Dynamics of modern communications: The shaping and impact of new communications technologies. London : Sage.
  • Franklin, M. I. (2001). The Internet and postcolonial politics of representation. Doctoral Dissertation, Amsterdam School for Social Science Research, University of Amsterdam.
  • Garramone, G. M., Harris, A. C., & Anderson, R. (1986). Uses of political computer bulletin boards. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 30(3), 325339.
  • Garramone, G. M., Harris, A. C. & Pizante, G. (1986). Predictors of motivation to use computer-mediated political communication systems. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 30(4), 445457.
  • Garnham, N. (1990). Capitalism and communication: Global culture and the economics of information. London : Sage.
  • Garnham, N. (2000). Emancipation, the media, and modernity. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Gates, B. (1995). The road ahead. New York : Viking.
  • Gates, B. (1999). Business @ the speed of thought: Using a digital nervous system. New York : Warner Books.
  • Golding, P. & Murdock, G. (2000). Culture, communication, and political economy. In J.Curran and M.Gurevitch (Eds.), Mass media and society (3rd Edition) (pp. 7192). London : Edward Arnold.
  • Golding, P., & Murdock, G., (Eds.) (1997). The political economy of the media (Volumes I and II). Cheltenham , Glos : Edward Elger.
  • Grossman, L. K. (1995). The electronic republic. New York : Viking, Penguin.
  • Habermas, J. (1970). Toward a rational society: Student protest, science, and politics. Boston : Beacon Press.
  • Halloran, J., (Ed.) (1970). The effects of television. London : Panther.
  • Harris, J., & Davidson, C. (1994). The cybernetic revolution and the crisis of capitalism. Retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.bradley.edu/las/soc/syl/391/papers/cyb_revo.html.
  • Harrison, T. M., & Stephen, T. (1999). Researching and creating community networks. In S.Jones (Ed.), Doing Internet research: Critical issues and methods for examining the Net (pp. 221241). Thousand Oaks , Cal : Sage.
  • Heidegger, M. (1977 [1952]). The question concerning technology and other essays. New York : Harper & Row.
  • Herman, E. S. (1996). The propaganda model revisited. Monthly Review, 48(3), 115128.
  • Hine, C. (2000). Virtual ethnography. London : Sage.
  • Kaye, B. K. (1998). Uses and gratifications of the World Wide Web: From couch potato to Web potato. New Jersey Journal of Communication, 6, 2140.
  • Katz, J. E., & Rice, R. E. (2002). Social consequences of Internet use: Access, involvement, and interaction. Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press.
  • Kellner, D. (1997a). Social theory and cultural studies. In D.Owen (Ed.), Sociology after postmodernism (pp. 143157). London : Sage.
  • Kellner, D. (1997b). Theorizing new technologies. Retrieved, February 10, 2002 from http://www.gseis.ucla.edu/courses/ed253a/newdk/theor.htm.
  • Kellner, D. (1999). Globalisation from below? toward a radical democratic technopolitics. Angelaki: Journal of the Theoretical Humanities, 4(2), 101113.
  • Kelly, K. (1998). New rules for the new economy: Ten ways the network economy is changing everything. Fourth Estate : London.
  • Keyworth, G. A. (1997). People and society in cyberspace, the shape of things: Exploring the evolving transformation of American life. Progress and Freedom Foundation. Retrieved December 15, 2001 from http://www.pff.org/tsot-1.html.
  • Korgaonkar, P., & Wolin, L. (1999). A multivariate analysis of Web usage. Journal of Advertising Research, 39(2), 5368.
  • Kroker, A. (1992). The possessed individual: Technology and postmodernity. London : MacMillan Press.
  • Kroker, A., & Kroker, M., (Eds.) (1997). Digital delirium. New York : New World Perspectives.
  • Kroker, A., & Weinstein, M. A. (1994). Data trash: The theory of the virtual class. New York : St Martin's Press.
  • LaFerle, C., Edwards, S., & Lee, W. (2000). Teens' use of traditional media and the Internet. Journal of Advertising Research, 40(3), 5566.
  • Lacroix, J. G., & Tremblay, G. (1997). The “Information Society” and cultural industries theory. Current Sociology, 45(4), 1153.
  • LaRose, R., & Eastin, M. (2003). A social cognitive explanation of Internet uses and gratifications: Toward a new theory of media attendance. Paper presented at the Communication and Technology Division, International Communication Association, San Diego, CA, May. Retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.msu.edu/~larose/ica03post.htm.
  • Lievrouw, L. A. (2001). Determination and contingency in new media development: Diffusion of innovations and social shaping of technology perspectives. In L. A.Lievrouw & S.Livingstone (Eds.), Handbook of new media: Social shaping and consequences of ICTs (pp. 183199). London : Sage.
  • Lyotard, J.-F. (1984). The postmodern condition: A report on knowledge. Manchester : Manchester University Press.
  • Marcuse, H. (1941). Some implications of modern technology. Studies in Philosophy and Social Science, 9, 41439.
  • Marx, L. (1994). The idea of “technology” and postmodern pessimism. In M. R.Smith & L.Marx (Eds.), Does technology drive history? The dilemma of technological determinism (pp. 237257). Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press.
  • MacKenzie, D., & Wajcman, J., (Eds.) (1999). The social shaping of technology (2nd Edition). Buckingham : Open University Press.
  • Marx, L. (1997). Technology: The emergence of a hazardous concept. Social Research, 64(3), 965988.
  • McChesney, R. W. (1999). Rich media, poor democracy: Communication politics in dubious times. Urbana : University of Illinois Press.
  • McChesney, R. W., Wood, E. M., & Foster, J. B., (Eds.) (1998). Capitalism and the information age: The political economy of the global communication revolution. New York : Monthly Review Press.
  • Menser, M., & Aronowitz, S. (1996). On cultural studies, science, and technology. In S.Aronowitz, B.Martinsons, & M.Menser (Eds.), Technoscience and cyberculture (pp. 728). London : Routledge.
  • Morley, D. (1989). Changing paradigms in audience studies. In E.Seiter, H.Borchers, G.Kreutzner, & E.-M.Warth (Eds.), Remote control: Television, audiences, and cultural power (pp. 1643). New York : Routledge.
  • Morley, D. (1992). Television audiences and cultural studies. New York : Routledge.
  • Morley, D. (1996). Populism, revisionism and the “new” audience research. In J.Curran, D.Morley, & V.Walkerdine (Eds.), Cultural studies and communications (pp. 279305). London : Arnold.
  • Mosco, V. (1996). The political economy of communication. London : Sage.
  • Negroponte, N. (1995). Being digital. New York : Alfred A. Knopf.
  • Nguyen, D. T., & Alexander, J. (1996). The coming of cyberspacetime and the end of the polity. In R.Sheilds (Ed.), Cultures of Internet: Virtual spaces. Real histories, living bodies (pp. 99124). London : Sage.
  • Papacharissi, Z., & Rubin, A. (2000). Predictors of Internet use. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 44(2), 175196.
  • Parker, B. J., & Plank, R. E. (2000). A uses and gratifications perspective on the Internet as a new information source. American Business Review, 18, 4349.
  • Perse, E., & Dunn, D. (1998). The utility of home computers and media use: Implications of multimedia and connectivity. Journal of Broadcasting and Electronic Media, 42(4), 435456.
  • Pool, I. D. S. (1983). Technologies of freedom. Cambridge , Massachuetts : Harvard University Press.
  • Pool, I. d. S. (1990). Technologies without boundaries: On telecommunications in a global age. Cambridge : Mass: Harvard University Press.
  • Poster, M. (1997). Cyberdemocracy: Internet and the public sphere. In D.Porter (Ed.), Internet culture (pp. 201217). New York : Routledge.
  • Poster, M. (2001a). What's the matter with the Internet? Minneapolis : University of Minnesota Press.
  • Poster, M. (2001b). The information subject. G & B Arts International.
  • Postman, N. (1992). Technopoly: The surrender of culture to technology. New York : Knopf.
  • Randle, Q. (2003). Gratification niches of monthly print magazines and the World Wide Web among a group of special-interest magazine subscribers. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 8(4), retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol8/ issue4/randle.html.
  • Samarajiva, R., & Shields, P. (1997). Telecommunications networks as social space: Implications for research and policy and an exemplar. Media, Culture & Society, 19(4), 535555.
  • Slevin, J. (2000). The internet and society. Cambridge : Polity Press.
  • Schiller, D. (1999). Networking the global market system. Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press.
  • Schiller, H. I. (1995). The global information highway: Project for an ungovernable world. In J.Brook & I.Boal (Eds.), Resisting the virtual life: The culture and politics of information (pp. 1733). San Francisco : City Lights.
  • Sclove, R. E. (1992). The nuts and bolts of democracy: Democratic theory and technological design. In L.Winner (Ed.), Democracy in a technological society (pp. 139157). Dordrecht : Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  • Slouka, M. (1995). War of the worlds: Cyberspace and the high-tech assault on reality. New York : Basic Books.
  • Smart, B. (1992). Modern conditions, postmodern controversies. London : Routledge.
  • Spears, R., & Lea, M. (1992). Social influence and the influence of the “social” in computer-mediated communication. In M.Lea (Ed.), Contexts of computer-mediated communication (pp. 3065). London : Harvester-Wheatsheaf.
  • Spears, R., & Lea, M. (1994). Panacea or panopticon? The hidden power in computer-mediated communication. Communication Research, 21(4), 16076.
  • Spears, R., Lea, M., & Postmes, T. (2001). Social psychological theories of computer-mediated communication: Social pain or social gain? In W. P.Robinson & H.Giles (Eds.), The new handbook of language and social psychology (pp. 601623). Chichester : Wiley.
  • Sproull, L., & Kiesler, S. (1986). Reducing social context cues: Electronic mail in organizational communications. Management Science, 32, 1492512.
  • Sproull, L., & Kiesler, S. (1991). Connections: New ways of working in the networked organization. London : MIT Press.
  • Stone, A. R. (1995). The war of desire and technology at the close of the machine age. Cambridge , Mass : MIT Press.
  • Street, J. (1992). Politics & technology. New York : Guilford Press.
  • Street, J. (1997). Remote control? Politics, technology and “electronic democracy”. European Journal of Communications, 12(1), 2742.
  • Song, I., LaRose, R., Lin, C., & Eastin, M.S. (2002). Gratifications of Internet use and Internet addiction. Paper presented to the International Communication Association, Communication and Technology Division, Seoul , Korea , July.
  • Sudweeks, F., McLaughlin, M., & Rafaeli, S., (Eds.) (1998). Network and netplay: Virtual groups in the Internet. Cambridge , Mass : MIT.
  • Thompson, J. B. (1995). The media and modernity: A social theory of the media. Cambridge : Polity Press.
  • Thomas, G. & Wyatt, S. (1999). Shaping cyberspace - interpreting and transforming the Internet. Research Policy, 28(7), 681698.
  • Thomsen, S. R. (1996). @ work in cyberspace: Exploring practioner use of the PRForum. Public Relations Review, 22(2), 115132.
  • Thomsen, S. (1998). Ethnomethodology and the study of on-line communities: Exploring life on the cyber streets. Paper presented at the IRISS'98 International Conference, Bristol , UK , March.
  • Trend, D. (1997). Cultural democracy: Politics, media, new technology. Albany , New York : State University of New York Press.
  • Toffler, A. (1981). The third wave. London : Pan Books.
  • Toffler, A., & Toffler, H. (1994). Creating a new civilization: The politics of the third wave. Atlanta : Turner Pub.
  • van Dijk, J. A. G. M. (1999). The one-dimensional network society of Manuel Castells. New Media & Society, 1(1), 127138.
  • Waipeng, L., & Eddie, C. Y. K. (2002). Internet and displacement effect: Children's media use and activities in Singapore. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 7(2), retrieved January 1, 2004 from http://www.ascusc.org/jcmc/vol7/issue2/singapore.html.
  • Walther, J. B. (1996). Computer-mediated communication: Impersonal, interpersonal, and hyperpersonal interaction. Communication Research, 23(1), 343.
  • Walther, J. B., & Burgon, J. K. (1992). Relational communication in computer-mediated interaction. Human Communication Research, 19(1), 5088.
  • Watson, N. (1997). Why we argue about virtual community: A case study of the Phish.Net fan community. In S. G.Jones (Ed.), Virtual culture: Identity and communication in cybersociety (pp. 103132). London : Sage.
  • Watt, S. L., Lea, M., & Spears, R. (2002). How social is Internet communication? A reappraisal of bandwidth and anonymity effects. In S.Woolgar (Ed.), Virtual society? technology, cyberbole, reality (pp. 6177). Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Welchman, A. (1997). Funking up the cyborgs. Theory, Culture & Society, 14(4), 155162.
  • Wilbur, S. P. (1997). An archaeology of cyberspaces: Virtuality, community, identity. In D.Porter (Ed.), Internet culture (pp. 522). New York : Routledge.
  • Williams, R., & Edge, D. (1996). The social shaping of technology. In W. H.Dutton (Ed.), Information and communications technologies: Visions and realities. Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Winston, B. (1998). Media technology and society: A history, from the telegraph to the Internet. London : Routledge.
  • Woolgar, S. (1991a). Configuring the user: The case of usability trials. In J.Law (Ed.), A sociology of monsters: Essays on power, technology and domination (pp. 5897). London : Routledge.
  • Woolgar, S. (1991b). The turn of technology in social studies of science. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 16(1), 2050.
  • Woolgar, S. (1996). Technologies as cultural artifacts. In W. H.Dutton (Ed.), Information and communications technologies: visions and realities (pp. 87101). Oxford : Oxford University Press.
  • Woolgar, S., (Ed.) (2002). Virtual society? Technology, cyberbole, reality. Oxford : Oxford University Press.