• Brown, P., & Levinson, S. (1987). Politeness: Some Universals in Language Usage. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Cameron, D., McAlinden, F., & O’Leary, K. (1988). Lakoff in context: The social and linguistic functions of tag questions. In J.Coates & D.Cameron (Eds.), Women in Their Speech Communities: New Perspectives on Language and Sex (pp. 7493). New York: Longman.
  • Coates, J. (Ed.). (1998). Language and Gender. Oxford: Blackwell.
  • Colley, A., & Todd, Z. (2002). Gender-linked differences in the style and content of e-mails to friends. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 21(4), 380392.
  • Crystal, D. (2001). Language and the Internet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Herring, S. C. (1994). Gender Differences in Computer-Mediated Communication: Bringing Familiar Baggage to the New Frontier. Keynote address at the American Library Association Annual Convention, Miami, Florida. Retrieved July 25, 2006 from
  • Herring, S. C. (1996). Two variants of an electronic message schema. In S. C.Herring (Ed.), Computer-Mediated Communication: Linguistic, Social and Cross-Cultural Perspectives (pp. 81108). Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
  • Herring, S. C. (2004). Computer-mediated discourse analysis: An approach to researching online behavior. In: S. A.Barab, R.Kling, & J. H.Gray (Eds.), Designing for Virtual Communities in the Service of Learning (pp. 338376). New York: Cambridge University Press.
  • Hiatt, M. (1977). The Way Women Write. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Lakoff, R. (1975). Language and Woman’s Place. New York: Harper & Row.
  • Mills, S. (1995). Feminist Stylistics. London: Routledge.
  • Mills, S. (1999). Discourse competence; or how to theorize strong women speakers. In C.Hendricks & K.Oliver (Eds.), Language and Liberation (pp. 8198). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.
  • McArthur, T. (Ed.). (1992). The Oxford Companion to the English Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G., & Svartvik, J. (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
  • Rafaeli, S., & Sudweeks, F. (1997). Networked interactivity. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2(4). Retrieved July 25, 2006
  • Rafaeli, S., Sudweeks, F., Konstan, J., & Mabry, E. (1993). ProjectH overview: A collaborative quantitative study of computer-mediated communication. Retrieved February 2, 2006
  • Rubin, D., & Greene, K. (1992). Gender-typical style in written language. Research in the Teaching of English, 26(1), 740.
  • Savicki, V., Lingenfelter, D., & Kelley, M. (1996). Gender language style in group composition in Internet discussion groups. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 2(3). Retrieved July 25, 2006
  • Scates, C. (1981). A Sociolinguistic Study of Male/Female Language in Freshman Composition. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Southern Mississippi, Hattiesburg, Mississippi.
  • Sierpe, E. (2000). Gender and technological practice in electronic discussion lists: An examination of JESSE, the library information science education forum. Library & Information Science Research, 22(3), 273290.
  • U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2004). Table No. 604: Employed Civilians by Occupation, Sex, Race and Hispanic Origin: 2004. In U.S. Census Bureau (Ed.). Statistical Abstract of the United States, 2006 (pp. 401404). Washington, DC: U.S. Census Bureau.
  • Winn, L., & Rubin, D. (2001). Enacting gender identity in written discourse: Responding to gender role bidding in personal ads. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 20(4), 393418.