SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • Adamic, L. A., & Huberman, B. A. (2000). Power-law distribution of the World Wide Web. Science, 287, 2115.
  • Althaus, S. (2001). Who's voted in when the people turn out?: Information effects in Congressional elections. In P.Hart & D.Shaw (Eds.), Communication and U.S. elections: New agendas (pp. 3354). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
  • Anderson, R. H., Bikson, T. K., Law, S. A., & Mitchell, B. M. (1995). Universal access to E-mail—Feasibility and societal implications. Santa Monica, CA: RAND.
  • Andrews, P. (2003). Is blogging journalism? Nieman Reports, 57(3), 6365.
  • Barabasi, A.-L., & Albert, R. (1999). Emergence of scaling in random networks. Science, 286, 509512.
  • Beaudoin, C. E., & Thorson, E. (2004). Testing the cognitive mediation model: The roles of news reliance and three gratifications sought. Communication Research, 31(4), 446471.
  • Bentley, C., Hamman, B., Littau, J., Meyer, H., Watson, B., & Welsh, B. (2007). Citizen journalism: A case study. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 239259). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Blood, R. (2003). Weblogs and journalism: Do they connect? Nieman Reports, 57(3), 6162. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/03-3NRfall/V57N3.pdf.
  • Bloom, J. (2003). The blogosphere: How a once-humble medium came to drive elite media discourse and influence public policy and elections. Proceedings of the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association. Philadelphia: American Political Science Association. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.uoregon.edu/~jbloom/APSA03.pdf.
  • Bruns, A. (2006). The practice of news blogging. In A.Bruns & J.Jacobs (Eds.), Uses of blogs (pp. 1122). New York, NY: Peter Lang.
  • Campbell, A., Converse, P. E., Miller, W. E., & Stokes, D. E. (1960). The American voter. New York, NY: Wiley.
  • Chaffee, S. H., & Frank, S. (1996). How Americans get political information: Print versus broadcast news. Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 546, 4858.
  • Chaffee, S. H., Ward, S., & Tipton, L. (1970). Mass communication and political socialization. Journalism Quarterly, 47, 647659.
  • Chaffee, S. H., Zhao, X., & Leshner, G. (1994). Political knowledge and the campaign media of 1992. Communication Research, 21, 305325.
  • Cho, J., & McLeod, D. M. (2007). Structural antecedents to knowledge and participation: Extending the knowledge gap concept to participation. Journal of Communication, 57, 205228.
  • Choi, H., & Becker, S. L. (1987). Media use, issue/image discriminations, and voting. Communication Research, 14, 267290.
  • Clarke, P., & Fredin, E. (1978). Newspapers, television and political reasoning. Public Opinion Quarterly, 42, 143160.
  • Converse, P. (1964). The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In D. E.Apter (Ed.), Ideology and discontent. New York, NY: Free Press.
  • Converse, P. (1970). Attitudes and non-attitudes: Continuation of a dialogue. In E. R.Tufte (Ed.), The quantitative analysis of social problems (pp. 16889). Reading, MA: Addison Wesley.
  • Converse, P., & Dupeux, G. (1962). Politicization of the electorate in France and the United States. Public Opinion Quarterly, 26, 123.
  • Cornfield, M., Carson, J., Kalis, A., & Simon, E. (2005). Buzz, blogs, and beyond. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.pewinternet.org/ppt/BUZZ_BLOGS_BEYOND_Final05-16-05.pdf.
  • Cristol, H. (2002). News in the digital age. Futurist, 36, 89.
  • Delli Carpini, M. X., & Keeter, S. (1989). What Americans know about politics and why it matters. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Delwiche, A. (2004). Agenda-setting, opinion leadership, and the world of weblogs. Paper presented at the annual conference of the International Communication Association, New Orleans, LA.
  • DiMaggio, P., Hargittai, E., Neuman, W. R., & Robinson, J. P. (2001). Social implications of the Internet. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 307336.
  • Dominick, J. (1999). Who do you think you are? Personal home pages and self-presentation on the World Wide Web. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 76(4), 646658.
  • Donohue, G. A., Tichenor, P. J., & Olien, C. N. (1973). Mass media functions, knowledge and social control. Journalism Quarterly, 50, 652659.
  • Drezner, D., & Farrell, H. (2008). The power and the politics of blogs. Public Choice, 134, 1530.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Dylko, I. (2007). Reading political blogs during the 2004 election campaign: Correlates and political consequences. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 105126). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Scheufele, D. A. (2000). Connecting news media use with gaps in knowledge and participation. Political Communication, 17, 215237.
  • Fallows, J. (1997). Breaking the news: How the media undermine American democracy. New York: Vintage.
  • Gaziano, C. (1997). Forecast 2000: Widening knowledge gaps. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 74(2), 237264.
  • Gaziano, C. (1983). Knowledge gap: An analytical review of media effects. Communication Research, 10, 447486.
  • Gillmor, D. (2003). Moving toward participatory journalism. Nieman Reports, 57(3), 7980. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/03-3NRfall/V57N3.pdf.
  • Glaser, M. (2004). To their surprise, bloggers are force for change in big media. Online Journalism Review. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://ojr.org/ojr/ethics/1085527295.php.
  • Greenspan, R. (2003). Blogging by the numbers. Cyberatlas, Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://cyberatlas.internet.com/bigpicture/applications.
  • Halavais, A. (2002). Blogs and the social weather. Paper presented at the Internet Research 3.0 meeting, Maastricht, The Netherlands.
  • Harp, D., & Tremayne, M. (2006). The gendered blogosphere: Examining inequality using network and feminist theory. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 83(2), 247264.
  • Herring, S. C., Kouper, I., Scheidt, L. A., & Wright, E. (2004). Women and children last: The discursive construction of Weblogs. In L.Gurak, S.Anotnijevic, L.Johnson, C.Ratliff & J.Reyman (Eds.), Into the blogosphere: Rhetoric, community and culture of Weblogs. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://blog.lib.umn.edu/blogosphere/women_and_children.html.
  • Herring, S. C., Scheidt, L. A., Bonus, S., & Wright, E. (2004). Bridging the gap: A genre analysis of weblogs. Proceedings of the Thirty-seventh Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-37). Los Alamitos: IEEE Press.
  • Herring, S. C., Scheidt, L. A., Bonus, S., & Wright, E. (2005). Weblogs as a bridging genre. Information, Technology and People, 18(2), 142171.
  • Herring, S. C., Scheidt, L. A., Kouper, I., & Wright, E. (2007). Longitudinal content analysis of blogs: 2003-2004. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 120). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Hoffman, L. H. (2006). Is Internet content different after all? A content analysis of mobilizing information in online and print newspapers. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 83(1), 5876.
  • Johnson, T. J., & Kaye, B. K. (2004). Wag the blog: How reliance on traditional media and the Internet influence credibility perceptions of blogs among blog users. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 81(3), 622642.
  • Johnson, T. J., Kaye, B. K., Bichard, S. L., & Wong, W. J. (2007). Every blog has its day: Politically-interested Internet users' perceptions of blog credibility. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 13(1), article 6. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol13/issue1/johnson.html.
  • Kaye, B. K. (2005). It's a blog, blog, blog, blog world: Users and uses of Weblogs. Atlantic Journal of Communication, 13(2), 7395.
  • Kaye, B. K. (2007). Blog use motivations: An exploratory study. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 127148). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Kaye, B. K., & Johnson, T. J. (2004). Blogs as a source of information about the war in Iraq. In R. D.Berenger (Ed.), Global media go to war (pp. 291301). Spokane, WA: Marquette Books.
  • Kessel, J. (1980). Presidential campaign politics: Coalition strategies and citizen response. Homewood, IL: Dorsey Press.
  • Klapper, J. (1960). The effects of the mass media. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press.
  • Kleinberg, J., & Lawrence, S. (2001). The structure of the Web. Science, 294, 18491850.
  • Kottke, J. (2003). Weblogs and power laws. Kottke, Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.kottke.org/03/02/weblogs-and-power-laws.
  • Kwak, N. (1999). Revisiting the knowledge gap hypothesis: Education, motivation, and media use. Communication Research, 26(4), 385413.
  • Lasica, J. D. (2002). Blogging as a form of journalism. USC Annenberg Online Journalism Review. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.ojr.org/ojr/lasica/1019166956.php.
  • Lasica, J. D. (2003). Blogs and journalism need each other. Nieman Reports, 57(3), 7073. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/03-3NRfall/V57N3.pdf.
  • Lasica, J. D. (2004). Surf's down as more netizens turn to RSS for browsing. Online Journalism Review, Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://ojr.org/ojr/workplace/1083806402.php.
  • Lazarsfeld, P., & Merton, R. K. (1954). Friendship as a social process: A substantive and methodological analysis. In M.Berger, T.Abel, & C. H.Page (Eds.), Freedom and Control in Modern Society (pp. 1866). New York: Van Nostrand.
  • Lee, T.-T., & Wei, L. (2008). How newspaper readership affects political participation. Newspaper Research Journal, 29(3), 823.
  • Lemert, J. B., Mitzman, B. N., Seither, M. A., Cook, R. J., & Hacket, R. (1977). Journalists and mobilizing information. Journalism Quarterly, 54, 721726.
  • Lippmann, W. (1993). The phantom public. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
  • Lippmann, W. (1998). Public opinion. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction.
  • Liu, Y.-I., & Eveland, W. P. (2005). Education, need for cognition, and campaign interest as moderators of news effects on political knowledge: An analysis of the knowledge gap. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 82(4), 910929.
  • Lukes, S. (1974). Power: A radical view. London: Macmillan.
  • Lukes, S. (2005). Power: A radical view. Basingstoke: Macmillan.
  • Luskin, R. C. (1990). Explaining political sophistication. Political Behavior, 12, 331361.
  • McLeod, J. M., Daily, K., Guo, Z., Eveland, W. P., Jr., Bayer, J., Yang, S., & Wang, H. (1996). Community integration, local media use, and democratic processes. Communication Research, 23, 179209.
  • McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L., & Cook, J. (2001). Birds of a feather: Homophily in social networks. Annual Review of Sociology, 27, 415444.
  • Metzger, M. J., Flanagin, A. J., Eyal, K., Lemus, D. R., & McCann, R. (2003). Credibility for the 21st century: Integrating perspectives on source, message, and media credibility in the contemporary media environment. In P. J.Kalfleisch (Ed.), Communication Yearbook 27 (pp. 293335). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Nadeau, R., Nevitte, N., Gidengil, E., & Blais, A. (2008). Election campaigns as information campaigns: Who learns what and does it matter? Political Communication, 25(3), 229248.
  • Neuman, W. R. (1986). The paradox of mass politics: Knowledge and opinion in the American electorate. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
  • Niemi, R. G., & Junn, J. (1998). Civic education: What makes students learn. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Papacharissi, Z. (2002a). The self online: The utility of personal home pages. Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media, 46(3), 346368.
  • Papacharissi, Z. (2002b). The presentation of self in virtual life: Characteristics of personal home pages. Journalism and Mass Communication Quarterly, 79(3), 643660.
  • Papacharissi, Z. (2007). Audiences as media producers: Content analysis of 260 blogs. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 2138). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Park, D. (2003). Bloggers and warbloggers as public intellectuals: Charging the authoritative space of the weblog. Paper presented at Internet Research 4.0, Toronto, Canada.
  • Pein, C. (2005). Blog gate. Columbia Journalism Review, Retrieved June 9, 2008, from http://cjrarchives.org/issues/2005/1/pein-blog.asp.
  • Perseus. (2003). The blogging iceberg: Of 4.12 million Weblogs, most little seen and quickly abandoned. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.perseusdevelopment.com/survey/news/releases/release_blogs.html.
  • Pew Internet and American Life Project. (2006). Bloggers: A portrait of the internet's new storytellers. Retrieved June 9, 2008, from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP%20Bloggers%20Report%20July%2019%202006.pdf.
  • Pew Internet and American Life Project. (2008). The internet and the 2008 election. Retrieved February 15, 2009, from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_2008_election.pdf.
  • Postman, N. (1986). Amusing ourselves to death: Public discourse in the age of show business. London: Methuen.
  • Rainie, L. (2005). The state of blogging. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.pewinternet.org/pdfs/PIP_blogging_data.pdf.
  • Rainie, L., Fox, S., & Fallows, D. (2003). The Internet and the Iraq war: How online Americans have used the Internet to learn war news, understand events, and promote their views. Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://www.pewinternet.org/reports.
  • Rakow, L. F. (1989). Information and power: Toward a critical theory of information campaigns. In C.Salmon (Ed.) Information campaigns: Balancing social values and social change (pp. 164184). Newbury Park, NJ: Sage.
  • Reese, S. D., Rutigliano, L., Hyun, K., & Jeong, J. (2005). Mapping the blogosphere: Professional and citizen-based media in the global news arena. Paper presented at the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication, San Antonio.
  • Robinson, M. J. (1975). American political legitimacy in an era of electronic journalism: Reflection on the evening news. In D.Cater and R.Adler (Eds.), Television as a social force (pp. 106). New York: Praeger.
  • Rosen, J. (1999). What are journalists for? New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Rutigliano, L. (2007). Emergent communication networks as civic journalism. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 225237). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Schiller, H. I. (1981). Who knows: Information in the age of the Fortune 500. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
  • Schiller, H. I. (1984). Information and the crisis economy. Norwood, NJ: Ablex Publishing.
  • Scott, D. T. (2007). Pundits in muckrakers' clothing: Political blogs and the 2004 U.S. presidential election. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 3957). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Shah. D. V., Cho, J., Eveland, W. P., Jr., & Kwak, N. (2005). Information and expression in a digital age: Modeling Internet effects on civic participation. Communication Research, 32(5), 531565.
  • Shah, D. V., Kwak, N., & Holbert, R. L. (2001). “Connecting” and “disconnecting” with civic life: Patterns of Internet use and the production of social capital. Political Communication, 18, 141162.
  • Thompson, C. (2006). Blogs to riches: The haves and have-nots of the blogging boom. New York Magazine, Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://www.nymag.com/news/media/15967/.
  • Tichenor, P. J., Donohue, G. A., & Olien, C. N. (1970). Mass media flow and differential growth in knowledge. Public Opinion Quarterly, 34, 159170.
  • Tremayne, M. (2007a). Preface: Blog terminoloy. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. vii). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Tremayne, M. (2007b). Introduction: Examining the blog-media relationship. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. ixxix). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Tremayne, M. (2007c). Harnessing the active audience: Synthesizing blog research and lessons for the future of media. In M.Tremayne (Ed.), Blogging, citizenship, and the future of media (pp. 261272). New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Tremayne, M., Zheng, N., Lee, J. K., & Jeong, J. (2006). Issue publics on the web: Applying network theory to the war blogosphere. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 12(1), Retrieved June 9, 2008, from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol12/issue1/tremayne.html.
  • Viegas, F. B. (2005). Bloggers' expectations of privacy and accountability: An initial survey. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10(3), Retrieved April 9, 2008, from http://jcmc.indiana.edu/vol10/issue3/viegas.html.
  • Viswanath, K., & Finnegan, J. R., Jr. (1996). The knowledge gap hypothesis: Twenty-five years later. In B. R.Burleson (Ed.), Communication Yearbook 19 (pp. 187227). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Wagner, J. (1983). Media do make a difference: The differential impact of mass media in the 1976 presidential race. American Journal of Political Science, 27, 407430.
  • Wall, M. (2006). Blogging Gulf War II. Journalism Studies, 7(1), 111126.
  • Wei, L., & Zhang, M. (2008a). The impact of Internet knowledge on college students' intention to continue to use the Internet. Information Research, 13(3), paper 348. Retrieved December 9, 2008, from http://InformationR.net/ir/13-3/paper348.html.
  • Wei, L., & Zhang, M. (2008b). The adoption and use of mobile phone in rural China: A case study of Hubei, China. Telematics and Informatics, 25, 169186.
  • Welch, M. (2003). Blogworld and its gravity. Columbia Journalism Review, 42(3), 2127.
  • Witt, L. (2004). Is public journalism morphing into the public's journalism? National Civic Review, 93(3), 4957.