The evolution of distyly in Primula vulgaris

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Abstract

Experiments on pollen flow and seed production were performed in populations of P. vulgaris in order to examine the roles of selection for reduced self-pollination in a partially self-fertile morph, selection for reduced stigma clogging, selection for a pollen saving effect, and selection for disassortative pollination in the evolution of morphological distyly (reciprocal herkogamy). Selection for reduced self-pollination and disassortative pollination were shown to have a plausible role in the evolution of this dimorphism. Selection for reduced stigma clogging and pollen saving appeared to have no obvious role in the evolution of morphological distyly.

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