The evolution of Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard (Gramineae): origin and genetic variability
Article first published online: 14 JAN 2008
Biological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume 43, Issue 2, pages 111–126, June 1991
How to Cite
RAYBOULD, A. F., GRAY, A. J., LAWRENCE, M. J. and MARSHALL, D. F. (1991), The evolution of Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard (Gramineae): origin and genetic variability. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 43: 111–126. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1991.tb00588.x
- Issue published online: 14 JAN 2008
- Article first published online: 14 JAN 2008
- Received 23 September 1989, accepted for publication 26 January 1990
- Spartina anglica;
- seed storage proteins;
- genetic variation
An extensive survey of isozyme phenotypes in British populations of the amphidiploid salt marsh grass Spartina anglica and its putative parents has confirmed that the species arose by chromosome doubling in S. × townsendii, a sterile hybrid between S. maritima and S. alterniflora. Isozyme phenotypes and seed protein profiles indicate that S. anglica is almost totally lacking in genetic variation. Isozyme evidence also indicates that the parental species are characterized by low levels of genetic variation. The lack of variation in S. anglica is proposed as being due to a narrow genetic base resulting from a single origin, or a multiple origin from uniform parents; the fact that many populations are derived from very small founder populations; and because preferential pairing between identical homologous chromosomes prevents recombination between the divergent component genomes of the species. The low levels of isozyme variation that occur appear to be due to chromosome loss.
The consequences for the future evolution of S. anglica, given its lack of genetic variation, are discussed.