The gut bacteria of eight tephritid species were isolated and characterized. Larvae of the genus Urophora and Tephritis dilacerata proved to house no microorganisms in their digestive organs. Bacteria were isolated from adults of five fruit fly species. Most of the bacterial strains were enterobacteria. Fruit-infesting tephritid species, flower-head species and gall formers had similar gut floras consisting of bacteria widespread in the soil and on the phylloplane.