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Table S1. Models of sequence evolution used for individual loci (determined via likelihood ratio test) employed in the locus-specific partitions for Bayesian phylogenetic analyses.

Table S2. Mean and standard deviation divergence times (in Myr) calculated for individual nodes of Euglossini via penalized likelihood (PL) and mean path length (MPL). Two sets of age constraints corresponding to the younger and older fossil age boundaries were implemented (see text for details). Numbered nodes indicate constrained nodes, and letters indicate selected nodes for which summary statistics are provided.

Table S3. Estimated parameters and hypothesis testing using diversification survival models of orchid bee lineages. An asterisk indicates the best-fit model for each subclade. Parameter values in parentheses correspond to the estimated errors, unless otherwise indicated.

Table S4. The area between the curves corresponds to the difference between the observed and the null disparity-through-time plots from Fig. 9. The average null disparity curves in each case were based on simulated data using two models of character evolution (Brownian and speciation). Positive areas indicate a higher than expected overall morphological disparity, whereas negative areas indicate that the observed disparity was lower than expected via simulations.

Appendix S1. Collection data, taxonomic information and National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) GenBank accession numbers of samples used in the present study. Species with incomplete sequences from more than a single specimen were merged, and are indicated with an asterisk (*).

Appendix S2. Mean values ± SD of morphological measurements for a subset of orchid bee species.

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