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Keywords:

  • graminifolia;
  • inflorescence;
  • phantastica;
  • snapdragon;
  • vegetative shoot

We have analysed the phyllotactic patterns of the main shoot in vegetative and generative phases of growth in wild type and mutant plants of Antirrhinum majus L. Wild types ‘Sippe50’ and ‘W l08’ were compared to mutants grminifolia and phanlastica. The normal vegetative phyllotaxis of the wild type plants is decussate, but the inflorescence phyllotaxis is spiral and of the Fibonacci type. The phyllotaxis patterns of the mutants differ strongly from that of the wild type. Besides decussate phyllotaxis, whorls of three or four elements as well as spiral patterns in vegetative phase were observed. The vegetative phyllotaxis in mutants is ontogenetically unstable with frequent transitions between patterns, including the reversion of chirality of spiral phyllotaxis. The number of transitions per plant was larger in graminifolia than in phantastica. The inflorescence phyllotaxis was more stable and occasional non-typical phyllotaxis patterns finally transformed to a Fibonacci pattern. The results suggest a possible role of genetic factors in determining the regularity of spatial arrangement of organs.