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Keywords:

  • Bakossi Mountains;
  • centre of diversity;
  • Coffea charrieriana;
  • genetic resources;
  • Psilanthus;
  • Rubiaceae

A new Coffea species from Cameroon is described and compared with the other species of Central Africa. Coffea charrieriana Stoff. & F. Anthony can be recognized easily using morphological characters of leaves, flowers and fruits. Moreover, it is the first record of a caffeine-free Coffea species for Central Africa and only the second report for the African continent. Cameroon is one of the three centres of diversity for the genus Coffea, showing a similar number of species to that of Tanzania. © 2008 The Linnean Society of London, Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 2008, 158, 67–72.