Neotropical plant evolution: assembling the big picture
Pattern and timing of biogeographical history in the Neotropical tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae)
Version of Record online: 14 DEC 2012
© 2012 The Linnean Society of London
Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society
Special Issue: Neotropical plant evolution: assembling the big picture
Volume 171, Issue 1, pages 154–170, January 2013
How to Cite
Lohmann, L. G., Bell, C. D., Calió, M. F. and Winkworth, R. C. (2013), Pattern and timing of biogeographical history in the Neotropical tribe Bignonieae (Bignoniaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society, 171: 154–170. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8339.2012.01311.x
- Issue online: 14 DEC 2012
- Version of Record online: 14 DEC 2012
- Manuscript Accepted: 30 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Revised: 23 AUG 2012
- Manuscript Received: 2 MAR 2012
- LGL's PhD dissertation at the University of Missouri–St. Louis
- Missouri Botanical Garden (USA)
- Conselho de Auxílio à Pesquisa (CAPES, Brazilian Government)
- Whitney R. Harris World Ecology Center
- National Science Foundation. Grant Number: 73052
- American Society of Plant Taxonomists
- Botanical Society of America
- Federated Garden Clubs of Missouri
- Idea Wild
- Conselho Nacional de Pesquisa
- Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP)
Figure S1. Distribution maps of the 105 species of Bignonieae sampled.
Figure S1 caption.
Figure S2. Ancestral state reconstructions based on maximum parsimony (using DELTRAN optimization) and a sample of 1000 post-burnin BEAST trees overlaid onto the maximum clade credibility chronogram from BEAST. Current distributions are indicated before the species names. The colour of the branches indicates inferred distributions of ancestral taxa using parsimony (grey lines indicate ambiguous parsimony reconstructions). Pie graphs report the proportion of trees in the post-burnin sample for which a given reconstruction was recovered; grey indicates that a node is absent and black that the reconstruction is equivocal in a proportion of the trees.
Figure S3. Ancestral state reconstructions based on maximum parsimony (using DELTRAN optimization) and the Bayesian binary Markov chain Monte Carlo (BBM) method overlaid onto the maximum clade credibility chronogram from BEAST. Current distributions are indicated before the species names. The colour of the branches indicates inferred distributions of ancestral taxa under parsimony (grey lines indicate ambiguous parsimony reconstructions). Pie graphs report relative probabilities from the BBM analysis; the three areas with highest probability are reported, with the remaining areas (usually frequencies below 0.01) collectively marked in black. Nodes 1–6 are discussed in the text and reconstructions based on alternative outgroup distributions are shown in Fig. S3.
Figure S4. Ancestral state reconstructions for nodes 1–6 (marked in Fig. S2) based on the Bayesian binary Markov chain Monte Carlo (BBM) method and assigning outgroups to different biogeographical areas. Pie graphs report the proportional likelihood for reconstructions with P > 0.01; other reconstructions are collectively indicated in black. For clarity, reconstructions involving three or more biogeographical areas are shaded grey (widespread) and the inferred distributions are indicated with the corresponding letters.
Table S1. Taxa, vouchers, localities and GenBank accession numbers for sampled Bignonieae and outgroups. Species names follow Lohmann & Taylor (2013).
Table S2. Habitat types and biogeographical distributions for sampled Bignonieae. We used the term ‘restricted’ to describe taxa that occur in a single biogeographical area and ‘widespread’ to describe those occupying two or more areas.
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