The effects of environmental stress on outbreaks of infectious diseases of fishes*


  • *

    Keynote report. Environmental Protection Agency Workshop: Pathologic Effects of Chemicals on Aquatic Organisms. Pensacola, Florida. 8 May 1973.


Infectious diseases of fishes occur when susceptible fishes are exposed to virulent pathogens under certain environmental stress conditions. Very little research has been carried out to show the effect of pollution on outbreaks of infectious diseases of fishes. Therefore, examples taken from the literature were selected and reviewed to show the coincidence of infectious diseases with stress caused by temperature, eutrophication, sewage, metabolic products of fishes, industrial pollution, and pesticides.