Early sea mortality of mark-recaptured juvenile chum salmon in open coastal waters

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Abstract

Estimates of instantaneous mortality rate of mark-recaptured chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta juveniles in coastal waters of the Sea of Japan ranged from 0·033 to 0·268 day−1 in the 14–43 days after release. High mortality rate may have been caused by size-selective mortality or poor ability to adapt to the coastal environment inhabited by chum salmon juveniles soon after release. The results indicated that large-scale mark-recapture experiments are useful for estimating mortality during the early sea life that is considered to be a critical period for Pacific salmon.

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