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Developmental plasticity in the thermal tolerance of zebrafish Danio rerio

Authors

  • J. Schaefer,

    Corresponding author
    1. University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Biological Sciences, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, U.S.A.
      *Tel.: +1 601 266 4928; fax: +1 601 266 5797; email: jake.schaefer@usm.edu
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  • A. Ryan

    1. University of Southern Mississippi, Department of Biological Sciences, Hattiesburg, MS 39406, U.S.A.
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Errata

This article is corrected by:

  1. Errata: Corrigendum Volume 69, Issue 4, 1266, Article first published online: 12 September 2006

*Tel.: +1 601 266 4928; fax: +1 601 266 5797; email: jake.schaefer@usm.edu

Abstract

To evaluate developmental plasticity in thermal tolerance of zebrafish Danio rerio, common-stock zebrafish were reared from fertilization to adult in the five thermal regimes (two stable, two with constant diel cycles and one stochastic diel cycle) and their thermal tolerance at three acclimation temperatures compared. The energetic cost of developing in the five regimes was assessed by measuring body size over time. While acclimation accounted for most of the variability in thermal tolerance, there were also significant differences among fish reared in the different regimes, regardless of acclimation. Fish reared in more variable environments (as much as ±6° C diel cycle) had a greater tolerance than those from non-variable environments at the same mean temperature. Fish from the more variable environments were also significantly smaller than those from non-variable environments. These results indicate that the thermal history of individual zebrafish induces irreversible changes to the thermal tolerance of adults.

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