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Genomic resources and microarrays for the common carp Cyprinus carpio L.

Authors

  • D. R. Williams,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • W. Li,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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    • Present address: European Bioinformatics Institute, Hinxton, Cambridge, U.K.

    • Present address: Department of Molecular Biology, Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences, P. O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

  • M. A. Hughes,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • S. F. Gonzalez,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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    • §

      Present address: Immune Disease Institute, Harvard Medical School, 800 Huntington Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, U.S.A.

  • C. Vernon,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • M. C. Vidal,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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    • §§

      Present address: CICBiogune, Functional Genomics Unit Lab 3, 48160 Derio, Spain.

  • Z. Jeney,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • G. Jeney,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • P. Dixon,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • B. McAndrew,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • R. Bartfai,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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    • Present address: Department of Molecular Biology, Nijmegen Center for Molecular Life Sciences, P. O. Box 9101, 6500 HB Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

  • L. Orban,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • V. Trudeau,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • J. Rogers,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • L. Matthews,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • E. J. Fraser,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • A. Y. Gracey,

    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
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  • A. R. Cossins

    Corresponding author
    1. * Laboratory for Environmental Gene Regulation, University of Liverpool, Crown Street, Liverpool L69 7ZB, U.K., Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen. Stigbolen 7, DK 1870 Frederiksberg, Denmark, School of Life Sciences, Huxley Building, Keele University, Staffordshire ST5 5BG, U.K., # Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas 5540, Hungary, ** Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture, Weymouth Laboratory, Weymouth Dorset DT4 8UB, U.K., †† Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Stirling FK9 4LA, U.K., ‡‡ Reproductive Genomics Group, Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117604, Singapore, ‖‖ Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore 117543, Singapore, ¶¶ Centre for Advanced Research in Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, K1N 6N5 Canada, ## Sanger Institute, Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge CB10 1SA, U.K. and *** Marine Environmental Biology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90089, U.S.A.
      †††Tel.: +44 (0) 151 795 4510; fax: +44 (0) 151 795 4331; email: cossins@liv.ac.uk
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†††Tel.: +44 (0) 151 795 4510; fax: +44 (0) 151 795 4331; email: cossins@liv.ac.uk

Abstract

The common carp is an important fish species satisfying ornamental, food and recreational fisheries’ needs worldwide, but in common with other cyprinid fishes, it is particularly renowned for its environmental tolerance. Investigating the mechanistic basis of growth, disease and environmental tolerance is greatly enhanced by access to a comprehensive list of gene sequences and post-genomic technologies. The current status of genomic resources is described for this species including 40 k cDNA clone collections, their associated expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and a developing series of 13 k–26 k cDNA microarrays fabricated from amplicons. The arrays have been directed at questions of response to environmental stress (cold and hypoxia), viral and bacterial disease and ectoparasite infection. Consequently, clones from a wide range of tissues were prepared. The authors discuss how these resources were generated and their application. Evidence is presented supporting that the carp microarray may also be useful as a heterologous set of probes in studies of other fish species.

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