During their third and fourth years of life, triploid Atlantic cod Gadus morhua females exhibited diminished ovarian development at both macroscopic and microscopic levels, with significantly lower gonado-somatic indices (IG) and higher carcass yields (YC) than diploid females during spawning periods. In contrast, diploid and triploid testes were indistinguishable through macroscopic and histological assessment. No significant differences were found in male IG or YC in relation to ploidy, with the exception of a higher YC for triploids during the first of the two monitored spawning seasons. As a result of suppressed oogenesis, triploid female G. morhua, but not triploid males, can be used to eliminate sexual maturation in this species and advance the development of the G. morhua aquaculture industry.
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