An analysis of 107 individuals of Atlantic hookear sculpin Artediellus atlanticus from the Barents Sea–Svalbard region and from north-east Greenland shows that the state of the parietal spines, although not randomly distributed geographically, occurs sympatrically. They do not diagnostically describe populations. They are therefore inept for subspecies delimitation into Artediellus atlanticus atlanticus, Artediellus atlanticus corniger and Artediellus atlanticus europaeus. Sympatric occurrence of parietal spine states called for a molecular approach to look for differences at a species level. Sequencing the mitochondrial genes, cytochrome oxidase c subunit I (coI) and cytochrome b (cytb), shows no difference between individuals with different parietal spine size. Thus, there is no evidence of the spine states representing species-level variation. The study shows that parietal spine size has no taxonomic information for this species. The patterns of variation in parietal spine size differ to some degree between the sexes.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.