Recovery and conservation of navigational instruments from the Spanish troopship Salvador which sank in 1812 in Maldonado Bay, Punta del Este, Uruguay

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Abstract

The Spanish ship Salvador sank on 31 August 1812 in Maldonado Bay. A 50 m-long merchant ship, it was used for troop transport and originally destined for Peru. After the revolution in the Oriental Band of the River Plate (actually Uruguay) against colonial power, the ship deviated from its course to attack the port of Montevideo captured for the patriots. On board were 520 soldiers belonging to the Albuhera battalion, along with crew and passengers. It was taken by surprise by a strong south-east wind, known locally as Pampero, and ran aground on sandbanks. The ship broke into two parts and only 130 people survived.

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