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Keywords:

  • Medieval Mediterranean maritime history;
  • Crusader horse transportation;
  • stevedore;
  • nautical archaeology;
  • ship;
  • iconography

The history of ships and boats is filled out through three forms of evidence: archaeological discoveries, textual sources, and a corpus of artistic images. Art from Venice and Ravenna in north-east Italy and the Topkapi Museum in Instanbul, Turkey, offers keys to understanding several questions of Medieval ship-loading practices in the Mediterranean, including cargo loading, and where the war-horse entered his Crusader's ship.