• stars;
  • navigation;
  • latitude sailing;
  • Alpheus;
  • Arethusa

The article offers a new interpretation of the Greek myth of Alpheus and Arethusa, which it is believed emerged as a description of latitude-sailing between the Peloponnese and Sicily during the Bronze Age. The author discusses the stars which could have assisted navigation on this route. This is followed by a discussion on the ancient practice of determining latitude by observing the altitude of the lower culmination of the last circumpolar star. Some sea-routes are suggested which could have been traversed using the latitude-sailing technique, and the stars that could have been used as navigation aids on such voyages.

© 2008 The Author