• prehistoric fishing;
  • reef-net;
  • sidescan;
  • anchor-stones;
  • Straits Salish;
  • salmon

Sidescan sonar was deployed in challenging shallow-water conditions to demonstrate the potential for recording anchor-stones left on the sea-bed from prehistoric fishing operations. In less than three hours the survey successfully mapped a reef-net site originally recorded in 1985 by diving archaeologists over many hours. In addition, 8 km of coastline were surveyed, resulting in the discovery and recording of one new underwater reef-net site. Our understanding of evolving subsistence practices of the Straits Salish, for whom reef-net fishing was a critical activity, may be enhanced by this survey method which provides cost-effective access to data not otherwise being recorded.

© 2011 The Authors