Dendrochronological Dating and Provenancing of Timbers from the Arade 1 Shipwreck, Portugal

Authors

  • Marta Domínguez-Delmás,

    1. Netherlands Cultural Heritage Agency and Ring Foundation-Dutch Centre for Dendrochronology; Smallepad 5, 3800 BP Amersfoort, The Netherlands
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  • Nigel Nayling,

    1. School of Archaeology History and Anthropology, University of Wales Trinity Saint David, Lampeter, Ceredigion, SA48 7ED, United Kingdom
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  • Tomasz Ważny,

    1. Laboratory of Tree-Ring Research, University of Arizona, 105 W Stadium, Tucson AZ 85721 USA and Nicolaus Copernicus University, Institute for the Study, Conservation and Restoration of Cultural Heritage, ul. Sienkiewicza 30/32, 87-100 Torun, Poland
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  • Vanessa Loureiro,

    1. Instituto de Arqueologia e Paleociências das Universidades Nova de Lisboa e do Algarve, Avenida de Berna, 26-C, 1069-061 Lisbon, Portugal
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  • Catherine Lavier

    1. Laboratoire d'Archéologie Moléculaire et Structurale, CNRS-UMR8220, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Site d'Ivry – Le Raphaël, 3 rue Galilée, 94200 Ivry-sur-Seine, France
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Abstract

As part of a larger project promoting the development of historical dendrochronology in the Iberian Peninsula, ship-timbers from the Arade 1 wreck (mostly planking and framing elements), stored at the DANS/IGESPAR in Lisbon, were examined. Of these, 52 samples were identified as deciduous oak (Quercus subg. quercus) and two as chestnut (Castanea sativa). Of 24 timbers selected for dendrochronological research, 23 could be dated, placing the origin of the wood in western France and the felling of trees between AD 1579 and 1583. Their homogeneity suggests they are part of the original construction, which probably took place shortly after AD 1583.

© 2012 The Authors

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