The role of wood anatomy in phylogeny reconstruction of Ericales

Authors

  • Frederic Lens,

    Corresponding author
    1. Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, K.U.Leuven, BE-3001 Leuven
    2. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland - Leiden University Branch, PO Box 9514, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
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  • Jürg Schönenberger,

    1. Department of Botany, Stockholm University, Lilla Frescativägen 5, SE-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden
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  • Pieter Baas,

    1. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland - Leiden University Branch, PO Box 9514, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
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  • Steven Jansen,

    1. Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, K.U.Leuven, BE-3001 Leuven
    2. Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3DS, UK
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  • Erik Smets

    1. Laboratory of Plant Systematics, Institute of Botany and Microbiology, Kasteelpark Arenberg 31, K.U.Leuven, BE-3001 Leuven
    2. Nationaal Herbarium Nederland - Leiden University Branch, PO Box 9514, NL-2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands
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* E-mail address: frederic.lens@bio.kuleuven.be

Abstract

The systematic significance of wood anatomical characters within Ericales is evaluated using separate and combined parsimony analyses including 23 wood characters and 3945 informative molecular characters. Analyses of wood features alone result in poorly resolved and conflicting topologies. However, when pedomorphic character states are coded as inapplicable, the combined bootstrap topology results in an increase of resolution and support at most deeper nodes compared with the molecular analyses. This suggests that phylogenetic information from the limited number of morphological characters is not completely swamped by an overwhelming amount of molecular data. Based on the morphology of vessels and fibers, and the distribution of axial parenchyma, two major wood types can be distinguished within Ericales: (i) a “primitive” type, nearly identical to the wood structure in the more basal outgroup Cornales, which is likely to have persisted in one major clade, and (ii) a “derived” type that must have evolved in at least two separate evolutionary lines. The occurrence of the first type is strongly correlated with shrubs to small trees growing in cold temperate or tropical montane regions, while the second type is common in tall trees of tropical lowlands. This favors the inclusion of ecologically adaptive features in phylogeny reconstruction.

© The Willi Hennig Society 2006.

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