Grooming behaviours in the Hymenoptera (Insecta): potential phylogenetic significance

Authors

  • HASAN H. BASIBUYUK,

    Corresponding author
    1. Unit of Parasitoid Systematics, CABI Bioscience UK Centre (Ascot), Department of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY
    2. Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD
    3. Department of Biology, Cumhuriyet University, 58140-Sivas, Turkey
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  • DONALD L.J. QUICKE

    1. Unit of Parasitoid Systematics, CABI Bioscience UK Centre (Ascot), Department of Biology, Imperial College, Silwood Park, Ascot, Berkshire, SL5 7PY
    2. Department of Entomology, The Natural History Museum, London, SW7 5BD
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*The Natural History Museum.

Abstract

Grooming behaviours from representatives of 36 families of Hymenoptera were video recorded and analysed. Thirty-three distinct types of grooming movements were recognized. The evolutionary pattern of each behaviour is discussed. Some behaviours displayed consistent variation between taxa, and appear to be informative regarding higher level relationships within the order. Putative synapomorphies are reported that support the monophyly of the Apocrita, Cynipoidea, Platygastroidea, Ichneumonoidea, and Chalcidoidea including the Mymaridae.

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