Get access

Systematics and phylogeny of Philautus Gistel, 1848 (Anura, Rhacophoridae) in the Western Ghats of India, with descriptions of 12 new species


  • S. D. BIJU,

    Corresponding author
    1. Systematics Laboratory, Centre for Environmental Management of Degraded Ecosystems (CEMDE), School of Environmental Studies, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India
    Search for more papers by this author

    1. Biology Department, Unit of Ecology & Systematics, Free University of Brussels (VUB), Pleinlaan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
    Search for more papers by this author



A taxonomic account of the genus Philautus from the Western Ghats of India is presented. All known species of this genus, their type specimens, current taxonomic status, and geographical distribution are revised, based on museum and field studies. In addition, 12 new species are described and compared with other members of the genus, especially with the name-bearing types of Indian Philautus. Diagnoses, detailed descriptions, illustrations, data on distribution, and natural history are provided for all species, and their relationships are estimated using molecular phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial data sets. No reliable observations have been made for two species, Philautus chalazodes (Günther, 1876) and Philautus flaviventris (Boulenger, 1882), since the original descriptions in the 19th century. © 2009 The Linnean Society of London, Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 2009, 155, 374–444.