Modeling of Chemical Vapor Infiltration for Ceramic Composites Reinforced with Layered, Woven Fabrics


  • P. F. Becher—contributing editor

  • Supported by NASA Cooperative Agreement NCC 2–590.

*Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California, Davis, California 95616


A homogeneous model is developed for the chemical vapor infiltration by one-dimensional diffusion into a system of layered plies consisting of woven tows containing bundles of filaments. The model predictions of the amount of deposition and the porosity of the sample as a function of time are compared with the predictions of a recent nonhomogeneous model with aligned holes formed by the weave. The nonhomogeneous model allows for diffusion through the aligned holes, into the spaces between plies, and into the gaps around filaments; i.e., three diffusion equations apply. Relative to the nonhomogeneous results, the homogeneous model underestimates the amount of deposition, since the absence of holes and spaces allows earlier occlusion of gaps around filaments and restricts the vapor infiltration.