Porous silicon oxycarbide (SiOC) ceramics in particular bulk and cellular structures are produced via polymer pyrolysis. By using optimal pyrolysis parameters (i.e., heating rate, maximum temperature) the addition of either solid fillers or chemically active additives is efficient in preventing the collapse of pore structure and controlling pore formation through decomposition. Fast pyrolysis can lead to crack formation and a loss of specific surface area at temperatures above 600°C, whereas slow pyrolysis is able to preserve mesopores up to 1200°C combined with high surface areas. These SiOC ceramics with bimodal pore size distribution are potential candidates for adsorption/separation processes under severe conditions.
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