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Keywords:

  • interleukin-12/23 p40;
  • Japanese;
  • psoriasis;
  • quality of life;
  • ustekinumab

Abstract

This study evaluates the effect of ustekinumab on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis through 64 weeks. A total of 158 patients were randomized to receive subcutaneous injections of ustekinumab 45 mg (= 64) or 90 mg (= 62) at weeks 0, 4, and every-12-weeks, or placebo (= 32) with crossover to ustekinumab at week 12. Secondary study endpoints included change in Dermatology Life Quality Index (DLQI) at week 12. Other assessments included the 36-item Short Form health survey to assess Physical Component Summary (PCS) and Mental Component Summary (MCS) scores, and Psoriasis Disability Index (PDI), a psoriasis-specific instrument to assess HRQoL. Baseline demographic and disease characteristics were similar across randomized treatment groups. Ustekinumab-treated patients had significantly greater mean improvements in DLQI from baseline to week 12 (45 mg: 8.0 ± 6.5; 90 mg: 7.4 ± 6.5) than placebo-treated patients (0.3 ± 5.3; < 0.0001 for each), and these improvements were maintained through week 64. Also at week 12, significant improvements from baseline in PDI scores were observed in ustekinumab-treated patients (45 mg: 8.6 ± 9.6; 90 mg: 12.0 ± 11.8) compared with placebo-treated patients (−0.1 ± 4.2). Improvements in the PCS (45 mg: 7.8 ± 14.5; 90 mg: 5.1 ± 12.0) and MCS (45 mg: 5.3 ± 9.8; 90 mg: 5.8 ± 10.5) scores were also observed in ustekinumab-treated patients at week 12. Placebo-treated patients who crossed-over to ustekinumab achieved improvements in HRQoL comparable to those observed in patients originally randomized to ustekinumab. Ustekinumab significantly improves HRQoL in Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis through week 64.