SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Alexander, D.J. 2000. A review of avian influenza in different bird species. Vet. Microbiol. 74: 313.
  • 2
    Bai, G.R., Sakoda, Y., Mweene, A.S., Fujii, N., Minakawa, H., and Kida, H. 2005. Improvement of a rapid diagnosis kit to detect either influenza A or B virus infections. J. Vet. Med. Sci. (in press).
  • 3
    Barenfanger, J., Drake, C., Leon, N., Mueller, T., and Troutt, T. 2000. Clinical and financial benefits of rapid detection of respiratory viruses: an outcomes study. J. Clin. Microbiol. 38: 28242828.
  • 4
    Brown, I.H. 2000. The epidemiology and evolution of influenza viruses in pigs. Vet. Microbiol. 74: 2946.
  • 5
    Cameron, K.R., Gregory, V., Banks, J., Brown, I.H., Alexander, D.J., Hay, A.J., and Lin, Y.P. 2000. H9N2 subtype influenza A viruses in poultry in Pakistan are closely related to the H9N2 viruses responsible for human infection in Hong Kong. Virology 278: 3641.
  • 6
    Chan, K.H., Maldeis, N., Pope, W., Yup, A., Ozinskas, A., Gill, J., Seto, W.H., Shortridge, K.F., and Peiris, J.S. 2002. Evaluation of the Directigen FluA+B test for rapid diagnosis of influenza virus type A and B infections. J. Clin. Microbiol. 40: 16751680.
  • 7
    Claas, E.C., Van Milaan, A.J., Sprenger, M.J., Ruiten-Stuiver, M., Arron, G.I., Rothbarth, P.H., and Masurel, N. 1993. Prospective application of reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction for diagnosing influenza infections in respiratory samples from a children's hospital. J. Clin. Microbiol. 31: 22182221.
  • 8
    Dunn, J.J., Gordon, C., Kelly, C., and Caroll, K.C. 2003. Comparison of the Denka-Seiken INFLU A.B-Quick and BD Directigen Flu A+B kits with direct fluorescent-antibody staining and shell vial culture methods for rapid detection of influenza viruses. J. Clin. Microbiol. 41: 21802183.
  • 9
    Fouchier, R.A.M., Munster, V., Wallensten, A., Betsebroer, T., Herfst, S., Smith, D., Rimmelzwaan, G.F., Olsen, B., and Osterhaus, A.D.M.E. 2005. Characterisation of a novel influenza A virus hemagglutinin subtype (H16) obtained from black-headed gulls. J. Virol. 79: 28142822.
  • 10
    Kida, H., Ito, T., Yasuda, J., Shimizu, Y., Itakura, C., Shortridge, K.F., Kawaoka, Y., and Webster, R.G. 1994. Potential for transmission of avian influenza viruses to pigs. J. Gen. Virol. 75: 21832188.
  • 11
    Kinde, H., Read, D.H., Daft, B.M., Hammrlund, M., Moore, J., Uzal, F., Mukai, J., and Woolcock, P. 2003. The occurrence of avian influenza A subtype H6N2 in commercial layer flocks in Southern California (2000–02): clinicopathologic findings. Avian Dis. 47: 12141218.
  • 12
    Kishida, N., Sakoda, Y., Eto, M., Sunaga, Y., and Kida, H. 2004. Co-infection of Staphylococcus aureus or Haemophilus paragallinarum exacerbates H9N2 influenza A virus infection in chickens. Arch. Virol. 149: 20952104.
  • 13
    Kishida, N., Sakoda, Y., Isoda, N., Eto, M., Sunaga, Y., Umemura, T., and Kida, H. 2005. Pathogenicity of H5 influenza viruses for ducks. Arch. Virol. 150: 13831392.
  • 14
    Mase, M., Tsukamoto, K., Imada, T., Imai, K., Tanimura, N., Nakamura, K., Yamamoto, Y., Hitomo, T., Kira, T., Nakai, T., Kiso, M., Horimoto, T., Kawaoka, Y., and Yamaguchi, S. 2005. Characterization of H5N1 influenza A viruses isolated during the 2003–2004 influenza outbreaks in Japan. Virology 332: 167176.
  • 15
    Munch, M., Nielsen, L.P., Handberg, K.J., and Jorgensen, P.H. 2001. Detection and subtyping (H5 and H7) of avian type A influenza virus by reverse transcription-PCR and PCR-ELISA. Arch. Virol. 146: 8797.
  • 16
    Oxburgh, L., and Hagstrom, A. 1999. A PCR based method for the identification of equine influenza virus from clinical samples. Vet. Microbiol. 67: 161174.
  • 17
    Schorr, E., Wentworth, D., and Hinshaw, V.S. 1994. Use of polymerase chain reaction to detect swine influenza virus in nasal swab specimens. Am. J. Vet. Res. 55: 952956.
  • 18
    Reed L.J., and Muench, H. 1938. A simple method for estimating fifty percent endpoints. Am. J. Hyg. 37: 493497.
  • 19
    Rohm, C., Horimoto, T., Kawaoka, Y., Suss, J., and Webster, R.G. 1995. Do hemagglutinin genes of highly pathogenic avian influenza viruses constitute unique phylogenic lineages? Virology 209: 664670.
  • 20
    Webster, R.G., Bean, W.J., Gorman, O.T., Chambers, T.M., and Kawaoka, Y. 1992. Evolution and ecology of influenza A viruses. Microbiol. Rev. 56: 152179.