Roles of the interactions between Env and Gag proteins in the HIV-1 replication cycle

Authors


Correspondence
Tsutomu Murakami, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, 1-23-1 Toyama, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8640, Japan. Tel: +81 3 5285 1111, ext. 2325; fax: +81 3 5285 5037; email: tmura@nih.go.jp

ABSTRACT

The Env and Gag proteins of HIV-1 are the two major structural proteins of this retrovirus. The interactions between Env and Gag proteins and their regulation in HIV-1 are required for several steps of the replication cycle, involving not only virus assembly, specifically Env incorporation, but also entry steps after virus maturation. A large number of host factors and certain membrane microdomains appear to engage both in transport/trafficking of Env and/or Gag proteins, and in the interactions of these two proteins. The present review briefly summarizes our current knowledge regarding the roles of the interactions between Env and Gag proteins in the virus replication cycle.

Ancillary