Deduction of the evaluation limit and termination timing of multi-round protein misfolding cyclic amplification from a titration curve


Masanori Morita, Benesis Corporation, C/O Department of Neurological Science, Tohoku University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-1, Seiryo-machi, Aoba-ku, Sendai 980-8575, Japan.
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In this study, the efficacy of disinfectants in reducing the partially protease-resistant isoform of prion protein was evaluated by a multi-round protein misfolding cyclic amplification (PMCA) technique. Hamster brains infected with scrapie-derived strain 263K were homogenized, treated under inactivating or mock conditions, and subjected to multi-round PMCA. Four sets of serial 10-fold dilutions of mock-treated samples were analyzed. Although considerable variability was observed in the signal patterns, between the second and sixth rounds the number of the PMCA round correlated in a linear fashion with the mean dilution factor of mock-treated, infected brains, corresponding to a log reduction factor (LRF) of 3.8–7.3 log. No signals were observed in the PMCA products amplified from normal hamster brain homogenates. The mean numbers of rounds at the first appearance of the signal for 1 M and 2 M NaOH-treated samples were 4.33 and 4, respectively. Using the linear regression line as the titration curve, the LRFs of these disinfectants were found to be 6.1 and 5.8 log, respectively; these values were not significantly different. The mean number of rounds for the alkaline cleaner and sodium dodecyl sulfate were 9 and 10.33, respectively, and were outside the range of both the linear regression line and evaluation limit. The disinfectants were considered very effective because their LRFs were ≥7.3 log. These estimations were concordant with previous bioassay-based reports. Thus, the evaluation limit seems to be valuable in some applications of multi-round PMCA, such as disinfectant assessment and process validation.