• 1
    Kunz C.H. (1996) Epidemiology of tick-borne encephalitis and the impact of vaccination on the incidence of disease. Springer Verlag, Berlin.
  • 2
    Ecker M., Allison S.L., Meixner T. and Heinz F.X. (1999) Sequence analysis and genetic classification of tick-borne encephalitis viruses from Europe and Asia. J Gen Virol 80: 17985.
  • 3
    Takashima I., Morita K., Chiba M., Hayasaka D., Sato T., Takezawa C., Igarashi A., Kariwa H., Yoshimatsu K., Arikawa J. and Hashimoto N. (1997) A case of tick-borne encephalitis in Japan and isolation of the virus. J Clin Microbiol 35(8): 19437.
  • 4
    Takeda T., Ito T., Chiba M., Takahashi K., Niioka T. and Takashima I. (1998) Isolation of tick-borne encephalitis virus from Ixodes ovatus (Acari: Ixodidae) in Japan. J Med Entomol 35: 22731.
  • 5
    Takeda T., Ito T., Osada M., Takahashi K. and Takashima I. (1999) Isolation of tick-borne encephalitis virus from wild rodents and a seroepizootiologic survey in Hokkaido, Japan. Am J Trop Med Hyg 60: 28791.
  • 6
    Chiba N., Osada M., Komoro K., Mizutani T., Kariwa H. and Takashima I. (1999) Protection against tick-borne encephalitis virus isolated in Japan by active and passive immunization. Vaccine 17(11–12): 15329.
  • 7
    Hayasaka D., Goto A., Yoshii K., Mizutani T., Kariwa H. and Takashima I. (2001) Evaluation of European tick-borne encephalitis virus vaccine against recent Siberian and far-eastern subtype strains. Vaccine 19(32): 47749.
  • 8
    Gritsun T.S., Nuttall P.A. and Gould E.A. (2003) Tick-borne flaviviruses. Adv Virus Res 61: 31771.
  • 9
    Heinz F.X., Allison S.L., Stiasny K., Schalich J., Holzmann H., Mandl C.W. and Kunz C. (1995) Recombinant and virion-derived soluble and particulate immunogens for vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis. Vaccine 13(17): 163642.
  • 10
    Chambers T.J., Hahn C.S., Galler R. and Rice C.M. (1990) Flavivirus genome organization, expression, and replication. Annu Rev Microbiol 44: 64988.
  • 11
    Lindenbach B.D. and Rice C.M. (2003) Molecular biology of flaviviruses. Adv Virus Res 59: 2361.
  • 12
    Corver J., Ortiz A., Allison S.L., Schalich J., Heinz F.X. and Wilschut J. (2000) Membrane fusion activity of tick-borne encephalitis virus and recombinant subviral particles in a liposomal model system. Virology 269: 3746.
  • 13
    Heinz F.X. and Allison S.L. (2003) Flavivirus structure and membrane fusion. Adv Virus Res 59: 6397.
  • 14
    Yoshii K., Hayasaka D., Goto A., Obara M., Araki K., Yoshimatsu K., Arikawa J., Ivanov L., Mizutani T., Kariwa H. and Takashima I. (2003) Enzymed-linked immunosorbant assay using recombinant antigens expressed in mammalian cells for serodiagnosis of tick-borne encephalitis. J Virol Methods 108: 1719.
  • 15
    Schalich J., Allison S.L., Stiasny K., Mandle C.W., Kunz C. and Heinz F.X. (1996) Recombinant subviral particles from tick-borne encephalitis virus are fusogenic and provide a model system for studying flavivirus envelope glycoprotein functions. J Virol 70: 454957.
  • 16
    Ziber L.A. and Soloviev V.D. (1946) Ear Eastern tick-borne spring-summer (spring) encephalitis. Am Rev Soviet Med 5: 180.
  • 17
    Konishi E., Terazawa A. and Fujii A. (2003) Evidence for antigen production in muscles by dengue and Japanese encephalitis DNA vaccines and a relation to their immunogenicity in mice. Vaccine 21: 371320.
  • 18
    Imoto J. and Konishi E. (2005) Needle-free jet injection of a mixture of Japanese encephalitis DNA and protein vaccines: a strategy of enhance immunogenicity of the DNA vaccine in a murine model. Viral Immunol 18(1): 20512.
  • 19
    Konishi E., Terazawa A. and Imoto J. (2003) Simultaneous immunization with DNA and protein vaccines against Japanese encephalitis or dengue synergistically increases their own abilities to induce neutralizing antibody in mice. Vaccine 21(17–18): 182632.