• 1
    Jiang S.C., Matte M., Matte G., Huq A., Colwell R.R. (2000) Genetic diversity of clinical and environmental isolates of Vibrio cholerae determined by amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting. Appl Environ Microbiol 66: 14853.
  • 2
    Nair G.B., Ramamurthy T., Bhattacharya S.K., Dutta B., Takeda Y., Sack D.A. (2007) Global dissemination of Vibrio parahaemolyticus serotype O3:K6 and its serovariants. Clin Microbiol Rev 20: 3948.
  • 3
    Pan T.M., Wang T.K., Lee C.L., Chien S.W., Horng C.B. (1997) Food-borne disease outbreaks due to bacteria in Taiwan, 1986 to 1995. J Clin Microbiol 35: 12602.
  • 4
    Kessel A.S., Gillespie I.A., O’Brien S.J., Adak G.K., Humphrey T.J., Ward L.R. (2001) General outbreaks of infectious intestinal disease linked with poultry, England and Wales, 1992–1999. Commun Dis Public Health 4: 1717.
  • 5
    van Vliet A.H., Ketley J.M. (2001) Pathogenesis of enteric Campylobacter infection. Symp Ser Soc Appl Microbiol 45S56S.
  • 6
    Alvarez J., Sota M., Vivanco A.B., Perales I., Cisterna R., Rementeria A., Garaizar J. (2004) Development of a multiplex PCR technique for detection and epidemiological typing of Salmonella in human clinical samples. J Clin Microbiol 42: 17348.
  • 7
    Luan X.Y., Chen J.X., Zhang X.H., Jia J.T., Sun F.R., Li Y. (2007) Comparison of different primers for rapid detection of Vibrio parahaemolyticus using the polymerase chain reaction. Lett Appl Microbiol 44: 2427.
  • 8
    Tarr C.L., Patel J.S., Puhr N.D., Sowers E.G., Bopp C.A., Strockbine N.A. (2007) Identification of Vibrio isolates by a multiplex PCR assay and rpoB sequence determination. J Clin Microbiol 45: 13440.
  • 9
    Janssen P., Coopman R., Huys G., Swings J., Bleeker M., Vos P., Zabeau M., Kersters K. (1996) Evaluation of the DNA fingerprinting method AFLP as an new tool in bacterial taxonomy. Microbiology (Reading, England) 142(Pt 7): 188193.
  • 10
    Singh D.V., Matte M.H., Matte G.R., Jiang S., Sabeena F., Shukla B.N., Sanyal S.C., Huq A., Colwell R.R. (2001) Molecular analysis of Vibrio cholerae O1, O139, non-O1, and non-O139 strains: clonal relationships between clinical and environmental isolates. Appl Environ Microbiol 67: 91021.
  • 11
    Haas M., Essig A., Bartelt E., Poppert S. (2008) Detection of resistance to macrolides in thermotolerant Campylobacter species by fluorescence in situ hybridization. J Clin Microbiol 46: 38424.
  • 12
    Lawson A.J., Logan J.M., O’Neill G L., Desai M., Stanley J. (1999) Large-scale survey of Campylobacter species in human gastroenteritis by PCR and PCR-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. J Clin Microbiol 37: 38604.
  • 13
    Matsuda K., Tsuji H., Asahara T., Kado Y., Nomoto K. (2007) Sensitive quantitative detection of commensal bacteria by rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 73: 329.
  • 14
    Matsuda K., Tsuji H., Asahara T., Matsumoto K., Takada T., Nomoto K. (2009) Establishment of an analytical system for the human fecal microbiota, based on reverse transcription-quantitative PCR targeting of multicopy rRNA molecules. Appl Environ Microbiol 75: 19619.
  • 15
    Kubota H., Tsuji H., Matsuda K., Kurakawa T., Asahara T., Nomoto K. (2010) Detection of human intestinal catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci by rRNA-targeted reverse transcription-PCR. Appl Environ Microbiol 76: 544051.
  • 16
    Aspinall S.T., Wareing D.R., Hayward P.G., Hutchinson D.N. (1993) Selective medium for thermophilic campylobacters including Campylobacter upsaliensis. J Clin Pathol 46: 82931.
  • 17
    Jansen G.J., Wildeboer-Veloo A.C., Tonk R.H., Franks A.H., Welling G.W. (1999) Development and validation of an automated, microscopy-based method for enumeration of groups of intestinal bacteria. J Microbiol Methods 37: 21521.
  • 18
    Thompson J.D., Gibson T.J., Plewniak F., Jeanmougin F., Higgins D.G. (1997) The CLUSTAL_X windows interface: flexible strategies for multiple sequence alignment aided by quality analysis tools. Nucleic Acids Res. 25: 487682.
  • 19
    Matsuki T., Watanabe K., Fujimoto J., Kado Y., Takada T., Matsumoto K., Tanaka R. (2004) Quantitative PCR with 16S rRNA-gene-targeted species-specific primers for analysis of human intestinal bifidobacteria. Appl Environ Microbiol 70: 16773.
  • 20
    Amann R.I., Binder B.J., Olson R.J., Chisholm S.W., Devereux R., Stahl D.A. (1990) Combination of 16S rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probes with flow cytometry for analyzing mixed microbial populations. Appl Environ Microbiol 56: 191925.
  • 21
    Takada T., Matsumoto K., Nomoto K. (2004) Development of multi-color FISH method for analysis of seven Bifidobacterium species in human feces. J Microbiol Methods 58: 41321.
  • 22
    Albert M.J., Islam D., Nahar S., Qadri F., Falklind S., Weintraub A. (1997) Rapid detection of Vibrio cholerae O139 Bengal from stool specimens by PCR. J Clin Microbiol 35: 16335.
  • 23
    Hansen M.C., Nielsen A.K., Molin S., Hammer K., Kilstrup M. (2001) Changes in rRNA levels during stress invalidates results from mRNA blotting: fluorescence in situ rRNA hybridization permits renormalization for estimation of cellular mRNA levels. J Bacteriol 183: 474751.
  • 24
    Nandi B., Nandy R.K., Mukhopadhyay S., Nair G.B., Shimada T., Ghose A.C. (2000) Rapid method for species-specific identification of Vibrio cholerae using primers targeted to the gene of outer membrane protein OmpW. J Clin Microbiol 38: 414551.
  • 25
    Ramamurthy T., Pal A., Bag P.K., Bhattacharya S.K., Nair G.B., Kurozano H., Yamasaki S., Shirai H., Takeda T., Uesaka Y. (1993) Detection of cholera toxin gene in stool specimens by polymerase chain reaction: comparison with bead enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and culture method for laboratory diagnosis of cholera. J Clin Microbiol 31: 306870.
  • 26
    Bej A.K., Patterson D.P., Brasher C.W., Vickery M.C., Jones D.D., Kaysner C.A. (1999) Detection of total and hemolysin-producing Vibrio parahaemolyticus in shellfish using multiplex PCR amplification of tl, tdh and trh. J Microbiol Methods Vol. 36, pp. 215225.
  • 27
    Wang G., Clark C.G., Taylor T.M., Pucknell C., Barton C., Price L., Woodward D.L., Rodgers F.G. (2002) Colony multiplex PCR assay for identification and differentiation of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli, C. lari, C. upsaliensis, and C. fetus subsp. Fetus. J Clin Microbiol 40: 47447.
  • 28
    Persson S., Olsen K.E. (2005) Multiplex PCR for identification of Campylobacter coli and Campylobacter jejuni from pure cultures and directly on stool samples. J Med Microbiol 54: 10437.
  • 29
    Shandera W.X., Johnston J.M., Davis B.R., Blake P.A. (1983) Disease from infection with Vibrio mimicus, a newly recognized Vibrio species. Clinical characteristics and epidemiology. Ann Intern Med 99: 16971.
  • 30
    Pezzlo M., Valter P.J., Burns M.J. (1979) Wound infection associated with Vibrio alginolyticus. Am J Clin Pathol 71: 4768.
  • 31
    Caccamese S.M., Rastegar D.A. (1999) Chronic diarrhea associated with Vibrio alginolyticus in an immunocompromised patient. Clin Infect Dis 29: 9467.
  • 32
    Bleve G., Rizzotti L., Dellaglio F., Torriani S. (2003) Development of reverse transcription (RT)-PCR and real-time RT-PCR assays for rapid detection and quantification of viable yeasts and molds contaminating yogurts and pasteurized food products. Appl Environ Microbiol 69: 411622.
  • 33
    McKillip J.L., Jaykus L.A., Drake M. (1998) rRNA stability in heat-killed and UV-irradiated enterotoxigenic Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli O157:H7. Appl Environ Microbiol 64: 42648.
  • 34
    Josephson K.L., Gerba C.P., Pepper I.L. (1993) Polymerase chain reaction detection of nonviable bacterial pathogens. Appl Environ Microbiol 59: 35135.
  • 35
    Oliver J.D. (2005) The viable but nonculturable state in bacteria. J Microbiol 43 Spec No, 93100.
  • 36
    Wong H.C., Wang P. (2004) Induction of viable but nonculturable state in Vibrio parahaemolyticus and its susceptibility to environmental stresses. J Appl Microbiol 96: 35966.
  • 37
    Lleo M.M., Bonato B., Signoretto C., Canepari P. (2003) Vancomycin resistance is maintained in enterococci in the viable but nonculturable state and after division is resumed. Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47: 115456.
  • 38
    Chaveerach P., ter Huurne A.A., Lipman L.J., van Knapen F. (2003) Survival and resuscitation of ten strains of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli under acid conditions. Appl Environ Microbiol 69: 7114.
  • 39
    Senoh M., Ghosh-Banerjee J., Ramamurthy T., Hamabata T., Kurakawa T., Takeda M., Colwell R.R., Nair G.B., Takeda Y. (2010) Conversion of viable but nonculturable Vibrio cholerae to the culturable state by co-culture with eukaryotic cells. Microbiol Immunol 54: 5027.
  • 40
    Asakura H., Ishiwa A., Arakawa E., Makino S., Okada Y., Yamamoto S., Igimi, S. (2007) Gene expression profile of Vibrio cholerae in the cold stress-induced viable but non-culturable state. Environ Microbiol 9: 86979.
  • 41
    Mutter G.L., Zahrieh D., Liu C., Neuberg D., Finkelstein D., Baker H.E., Warrington J.A. (2004) Comparison of frozen and RNALater solid tissue storage methods for use in RNA expression microarrays. BMC Genomics 5: 88.
  • 42
    Grotzer M.A., Patti R., Geoerger B., Eggert A., Chou T.T., Phillips P.C. (2000) Biological stability of RNA isolated from RNA later-treated brain tumor and neuroblastoma xenografts. Med Pediatr Oncol 34: 43842.