• 1
    Nime F.A., Burek J.D., Page D.L., Holscher M.A., Yardley J.H. (1976) Acute enterocolitis in a human being infected with the protozoan Cryptosporidium. Gastroenterology 70 : 5928.
  • 2
    Chalmers R.M., Davis A.P. (2010) Miniseries: Clinical cryptosporidiosis. Exp Parasitol 124 : 13846.
  • 3
    Savioli L, Smith H, Thompson A. (2006) Giardia and Cryptosporidium join the 'Neglected Diseases Initiative'. Trends Parasitol 22 : 2038.
  • 4
    Hunter P.R., Nichols G. (2002) Epidemiology and clinical features of Cryptosporidium infection in immunocompromised patients. Clin Microbiol Reviews 15 : 14554.
  • 5
    Aragon T., Novotny S., Enanoria W., Vugia D.J., Khalakdna A., Katz M.H. (2003) Endemic cryptosporidiosis and exposure to municipal tap water in persons with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS): a case-control study. BMC Pub Health 3 : 2.
  • 6
    Chen X.M., Keithy J.S., Pay A.C.V., Larusso N.F. (2002) Cryptosporidiosis. New Engl J Med 346: 172331.
  • 7
    Robinson G., Elwin K., Chalmers R.M. (2008) Unusual Cryptosporidium genotypes in human cases of diarrhea. Emerg Infect Dis 14 : 180002.
  • 8
    Cama V.A., Bern C., Roberts J., Cabrera L., Steling C.R., Ortega Y. (2008) Cryptosporidium species and subtypes and clinical manifestations in children, Peru. Emerg Infect Dis 14: 156774.
  • 9
    Xiao L., Ryan U. (2008) Molecular epidemiology. In: Fayer R., Xiao L., eds. Cryptosporidium and cryptosporidiosis . Boca Raton , CRC press, pp. 11963.
  • 10
    Chen X.M., Larusso N.F. (2002) Cryptosporidiosis and pathogenesis of AIDS cholangiopathy. Semin Liver Dis 22:17789.
  • 11
    Shrikhande S.N., Chande C.A., Shegokar V.R., Power R.M. (2009) Pulmonary cryptosporidiosis in HIV negative immunocompromised host. Indian J Pathol Microbiol 52: 26768.
  • 12
    UNAIDS/WHO (2008) Epidemiological fact sheet on HIV and AIDS: core data on epidemiology and response; Iran.
  • 13
    Center for Disease Control (2008) Report of activities and their results on HIV/AIDS in Iran, Ministry of Health and Medical Education: Tehran.
  • 14
    Nahrevanian H.M., Assmar M. (2008) Cryptosporidiosis in immunocompromised patients in the Islamic Republic Of Iran. J Microbial Immunol Infect 41 : 7477.
  • 15
    Zali M.R., Mehr A.J., Rezaian M., Meamar A.R., Vaziri S., Mohraz M. (2004) Prevalence of intestinal parasitic pathogens among HIV-positive individuals in Iran. Jpn J Infect Dis 57 : 26870.
  • 16
    Berenji F., Zabolinejad N., Kianifar H., Badeii Z., Banihashem A. and Hiradfar S. (2007) Cryptosporidium infection in pediatric patients with lymphohematopoetic malignancies. Iran J Ped 17 : 24751.
  • 17
    Sharif M., Zyaie H., Gholamie S. (2004) Cryptosporidiosis in immunosuppressive drug users. J Gillan Med Sci Univ 51 : 1621. (In Persian).
  • 18
    Meamar A.R., Rezaian M., Rezaie S., Mohraz M., Mohebali M., Mohammad K., Golestan B., Guyot K., Dei-Cas E. (2006) ssu-rRNA gene analysis of Cryptosporidium spp. In HIV positive and negative patients. Iranian J Pub Health 35 : 17.
  • 19
    Al-Brakin F.A., Alem H.S., Beeching N., Hilal N. (2008) Multilocus genetic analysis of Cryptosporidium isolates from Saudi Arabia. J Egypt Soc Parasitol 38 : 64558.
  • 20
    Pirestani M., Sadraei J., Dalimi Asl A., Zavvar M., Vaeznia H. (2008) Molecular characterization of Cryptosporidium isolates from human and bovine using 18s rRNA gene in Shahriar county of Tehran, Iran. Parasitol Res 103 : 46772.
  • 21
    Leach C.H., Koo F., Kuhls T., Hilsebeck S., Jenson H., Jenson H.B. (2000) Prevalence of Cryptosporidium parvum infection along the Texas Mexico border and associated risk factors. Am J Trop Med 62 : 65661.
  • 22
    Manabe Y.C., Clark D.P., More R.D., Lumadue J.A., Dahlman P.C., Belitsos P.C., Chaisson R.E., Sears C.L. (1998) Cryptosporidiosis in patients with AIDS: correlates of disease and survival. Clin Infect Dis 27 : 53642.
  • 23
    Navin T.R., Weber R., Vugia D.J., Rimland D., Roberts J.M., Addiss D.G., Visvesvara G.S., Wahlquist S.P., Hogan S.E., Gallagher L.E., Juranek D.D., Schwartz D.A., Wilcox C.M., Stewart J.M., Thompson S.E. 3rd, Bryan R.T. (1999) Declining CD4 +T-lymphocyte counts are associated with increased risk for enteric parasitosis and chronic diarrhea: results of a 3-year longitudinal study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 20 : 1549.
  • 24
    Sorvillo F., Beall G., Turner P.A., Beer V.L., Kocacs A.A., Kraus P., Masters D., Kerndt P.R. (1998) Seasonality and factors associated with cryptosporidiosis among individuals with HIV infection. Epidemiol Infect 121 : 197204.
  • 25
    Sreedharan A., Jayshree R.S., sridhar  . (1996) Cryptosporidiosis among cancer patients: an observation. J Diarrhoeal Dis Res 14 : 21113.
  • 26
    Tanyukset M., Gun H., Doganci L. (1995) Prevalence of Cryptosporidium spp. In patients with neoplasia and diarrhea. Scand J Infect Dis 27 : 6970.