SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Ando M, Wakai K, Seki N, Tamakoshi A, Suzuki K, Ito Y, Nishino Y, Kondo T, Watanabe Y, Ozasa K, Ohno Y. Attributable and absolute risk of lung cancer death by smoking status: findings from the Japan Collaborative Cohort Study. Int J Cancer 2003; 105: 24954.
  • 2
    Sobue T, Yamamoto S, Hara M, Sasazuki S, Sasaki S, Tsugane S. Cigarette smoking and subsequent risk of lung cancer by histologic type in middle-aged Japanese men and women. JPHC Study Int J Cancer 2002; 99: 24551.
  • 3
    Akiba S, Hirayama T. Cigarette smoking and cancer mortality risk in Japanese men and women − results from reanalysis of the six-prefecture cohort study data. Environ Health Perspect 1990; 87: 1926.
  • 4
    Sobue T, Suzuki T, Fujimoto I, Matsuda M, Doi O, Mori T, Furuse K, Fukuoka M, Yasumitsu T, Kuwahara O, Kono K, Taki T, Kuwabara M, Nakahara K, Endo S, Sawamura K, Kurata M, Ichitani M, Hattori S. Case-control study for lung cancer and cigarette smoking in Osaka, Japan: comparison with the results from Western Europe. Jpn J Cancer Res 1994; 85: 46473.
  • 5
    Shimizu H, Hisamichi S, Motomiya M, Oizumi K, Konno K, Hashimoto K, Nakada T. Risk of lung cancer by histologic type among smokers in Miyagi Prefecture. Jpn J Clin Oncol 1986; 16: 11721.
  • 6
    Wakai K, Ohno Y, Genka K, Ohmine K, Kawamura T, Tamakoshi A, Aoki R, Kojima M, Lin Y, Aoki K, Fukuma S. Smoking habits, local brand cigarettes and lung cancer risk in Okinawa, Japan. J Epidemiol 1997; 7: 99105.
  • 7
    Thun MJ, Lally CA, Flannery JT, Calle EE, Flanders WD, Heath CW Jr. Cigarette smoking and changes in the histopathology of lung cancer. J Natl Cancer Inst 1997; 89: 15806.
  • 8
    McLaughlin JK, Hrubec Z, Blot WJ, Fraumeni JF Jr. Smoking and cancer mortality among US veterans: a 26-year follow-up. Int J Cancer 1995; 60: 1903.
  • 9
    Thun MJ, Day-Lally C, Myers DG, Calle EE, Flanders WD, Zhu BP, Namboodiri MM, Heath CW. Trends in tobacco smoking and mortality from cigarette use in Cancer Prevention Studies I (1959 through 1965) and II (1982 through 1988). In: National Cancer Institute, Smoking and Tobacco Control, Monograph 8: Changes in Cigarette-Related Disease Risks and their Implication for Prevention and Control. NIH Publication no. 97–4213. Washington D.C.: NIH, 1997; 30582.
  • 10
    Doll R, Peto R, Wheatley K, Gray R, Sutherland I. Mortality in relation to smoking: 40 years’ observations on male British doctors. BMJ 1994; 309: 90111.
  • 11
    US Environmental Protection Agency. Respiratory health effects of passive smoking: lung cancer and other disorders. EPA/600/6–90/006F. Washington D.C.: EPA, 1992.
  • 12
    Pope CA III, Burnett RT, Thun MJ, Calle EE, Krewski D, Ito K, Thurston GD. Lung cancer, cardiopulmonary mortality, and long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution. JAMA 2002; 287: 113241.
  • 13
    Dockery DW, Pope CA III, Xu X, Spengler JD, Ware JH, Fay ME, Ferris BG Jr, Speizer FE. An association between air pollution and mortality in six US cities. N Engl J Med 1993; 329: 17539.
  • 14
    Cohen AJ, Pope CA III. Lung cancer and air pollution. Environ Health Perspect 1995; 103 (Suppl. 8): 21924.
  • 15
    Darby S, Hill D, Doll R. Radon: a likely carcinogen at all exposures. Ann Oncol 2001; 12: 134151.
  • 16
    Fujimoto K. Locality of indoor radon concentration. In: Radon and Thoron − Opportunities, Properties and Health Effects. Proceedings of the 27th NIRS Seminar on Environmental Research; 2–3 Dec 1999. Chiba: National Institute of Radiological Sciences, 2000, 3945.
  • 17
    Takahashi KHM, Tossavanen A, Higashi T, Okubo T, Rantanen J. Ecological relationship between mesothelima incidence/mortality and asbestos consumption in ten Western countries and Japan. J Occup Health 1999; 41: 811.
  • 18
    Camus M, Siemiatycki J, Meek B. Non-occupational exposure to chrysotile asbestos and the risk of lung cancer. N Engl J Med 1998; 338: 156571.
  • 19
    Forey B HJ, Lee P. International Smoking Statistcs. A Collection of Histrogical Data from 30 Economically Developed Countries, 2nd edn. London: Oxford University Press, 2002.
  • 20
    Hoffmann D, Hoffmann I. The changing cigarette, 1950–95. J Toxicol Environ Health 1997; 50: 30764.
  • 21
    Sato H, Araki S. Yields and daily consumption of cigarettes in Japan in 1969–96. J Epidemiol 2000; 10: 715.
  • 22
    Stellman SD, Takezaki T, Wang L, Chen Y, Citron ML, Djordjevic MV, Harlap S, Muscat JE, Neugut AI, Wynder EL, Ogawa H, Tajima K, Aoki K. Smoking and lung cancer risk in American and Japanese men: an international case-control study. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2001; 10: 11939.
  • 23
    Sekikawa A, Satoh T, Hayakawa T, Ueshima H, Kuller LH. Coronary heart disease mortality among men aged 35–44 years by prefecture in Japan in 1995–99 compared with that among white men aged 35–44 by state in the United States in 1995–98: vital statistics data in recent birth cohort. Jpn Circ J 2001; 65: 88792.
  • 24
    Ozasa K, Watanabe Y, Ito Y, Suzuki K, Tamakoshi A, Seki N, Nishino Y, Kondo T, Wakai K, Ando M, Ohno Y. Dietary habits and risk of lung cancer death in a large-scale cohort study (JACC Study) in Japan by sex and smoking habit. Jpn J Cancer Res 2001; 92: 125969.
  • 25
    Takezaki T, Hirose K, Inoue M, Hamajima N, Yatabe Y, Mitsudomi T, Sugiura T, Kuroishi T, Tajima K. Dietary factors and lung cancer risk in Japanese. with special reference to fish consumption and adenocarcinomas. Br J Cancer 2001; 84: 1199206.
  • 26
    Wakai K, Ohno Y, Genka K, Ohmine K, Kawamura T, Tamakoshi A, Lin Y, Nakayama T, Aoki K, Fukuma S. Risk modification in lung cancer by a dietary intake of preserved foods and soyfoods: findings from a case-control study in Okinawa. Japan Lung Cancer 1999; 25: 14759.
  • 27
    Takezaki T, Inoue M, Kataoka H, Ikeda S, Yoshida M, Ohashi Y, Tajima K, Tominaga S. Diet and lung cancer risk from a 14-year population-based prospective study in Japan: with special reference to fish consumption. Nutr Cancer 2003; 45: 1607.
  • 28
    Ariyoshi N, Miyamoto M, Umetsu Y, Kunitoh H, Dosaka-Akita H, Sawamura Y, Yokota J, Nemoto N, Sato K, Kamataki T. Genetic polymorphism of CYP2A6 gene and tobacco-induced lung cancer risk in male smokers. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2002; 11: 8904.
  • 29
    Miyamoto M, Umetsu Y, Dosaka-Akita H, Sawamura Y, Yokota J, Kunitoh H, Nemoto N, Sato K, Ariyoshi N, Kamataki T. CYP2A6 gene deletion reduces susceptibility to lung cancer. Biochem Biophys Res Commun 1999; 261: 65860.
  • 30
    Yoshimi I, Ohshima A, Ajiki W, Tsukuma H, Sobue T. A comparison of trends in the incidence rate of lung cancer by histological type in the Osaka Cancer Registry, Japan and in the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results Program, USA. Jpn J Clin Oncol 2003; 33: 98104.
  • 31
    Wynder EL, Fujita Y, Harris RE, Hirayama T, Hiyama T. Comparative epidemiology of cancer between the United States and Japan. A second look. Cancer 1991; 67: 74663.