A murine (mAHM) and a humanized (AHM) monoclonal antibody against CD317 (also called tetherin, BST2, or HM1.24 antigen), expressed preferentially in neoplastic B cells such as multiple myeloma, exhibited antitumor effects as a result of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC). The putative interferon (IFN) response elements IRF-1/2 and ISGF3 are present in the promoter of the CD317 gene, and IFN has been used for the treatment of not only myeloproliferative diseases but also solid tumors such as renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and melanoma. Therefore, we examined the effects of IFN on the expression of CD317 and on the antitumor activity of AHM and mAHM in RCC and melanoma. Flow cytometry and in vitro ADCC assays with human or mouse effector cells demonstrated that IFN-α markedly increased the amount of cell surface CD317 and augmented the ADCC activity of mAHM and AHM in RCC cells and to a lesser extent in melanoma cells. Administration of IFN-α to mice bearing RCC xenografts also increased the expression of CD317 in tumor cells. When coadministered with IFN-α, mAHM exhibited more profound antitumor activity in both IFN-α-sensitive and -insensitive RCC xenograft models. Thus, AHM in combination with IFN-α may be an effective therapy for the treatment of RCC. (Cancer Sci 2008; 99: 2461–2466)