We have reported for the first time the significance of effector T-cell multifunctionality in antitumor immunity, suggesting that the appearance of multifunctional/polyfunctional tumor-specific CD8+ T cells in vivo is a critical determinant of the success of antitumor immunotherapy, and a strategy to induce multifunctionality in effector cells is required for the successful immunotherapy of hosts with progressing tumor. Glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor (GITR) stimulation has been shown to enhance antitumor immune response. However, its functional impact on adoptively transferred T cells remains unclear. Here, we analyzed the impact of GITR stimulation in vivo on the functional profiles of adoptively transferred CD8+ T cells specific for murine fibrosarcoma CMS5. GITR stimulation was found to enhance multifunctionality (interferon (IFN)-γ and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α production and CD107a mobilization as a degranulation marker) in transferred cells at the single-cell level. These cells exhibited upregulated expression of CD25 in draining lymph nodes and increased infiltration in tumor. Mice that received T-cell therapy with GITR stimulation showed reduced Foxp3+CD4+ T cells among tumor infiltrating lymphocytes and increased in vivo cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) activity even with progressing tumor, resulting in enhanced tumor regression. These data strengthen the idea that effector T-cell multifunctionality is a sensitive immune correlate for successful immunotherapy against malignancy and provide an immunological rationale for effective T-cell therapy combined with GITR stimulation. (Cancer Sci 2009; 100: 1317–1325)