SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Stewart BW, Kleihues P (eds) World Cancer Report. Lyon: IARC Press, 2003.
  • 2
    Sankaranarayanan R. Oral cancer in India: an epidemiologic and clinical review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol 1990; 69: 32530.
  • 3
    Gupta PC, Murti PR, Bhonsle RB. Epidemiology of cancer by tobacco products and the significance of TSNA. Crit Rev Toxicol 1996; 26(2): 18398.
  • 4
    IARC monographs. The Evaluation of Carcinogenic Risks to Humans, Vol 83. Tobacco Smoke and Involuntary Smoking. Lyon: IARC Press, 2004.
  • 5
    Boyle P, Macfarlane GJ, Maisonneuve P, Zheng T, Scully C, Tedesco B. Epidemiology of mouth cancer in 1989. J R Soc Med 1990; 83: 72430.
  • 6
    Sankaranarayanan R, Duffy SW, Day NE, Nair MK, Padmakumary G. A case-control investigation of cancer of the oral tongue and the floor of the mouth in southern India. Int J Cancer 1989; 44(4): 61721.
  • 7
    Sankaranarayanan R, Duffy SW, Padmakumary G, Day NE, Krishan Nair M. Risk factors for cancer of the buccal and labial mucosa in Kerala, southern India. J Epidemiol Community Health 1990; 44(4): 28692.
  • 8
    Nandakumar A, Thimmasetty KT, Sreeramareddy NM et al. A population-based case-control investigation on cancers of the oral cavity in Bangalore, India. Br J Cancer 1990; 62(5): 84751.
  • 9
    Rao DN, Ganesh B, Rao RS, Desai PB. Risk assessment of tobacco, alcohol and diet in oral cancer – a case-control study. Int J Cancer 1994; 58(4): 46973.
  • 10
    Balaram P, Sridhar H, Rajkumar T et al. Oral cancer in southern India: the influence of smoking, drinking, paan-chewing and oral hygiene. Int J Cancer 2002; 98(3): 4405.
  • 11
    Muwonge R, Ramadas K, Sankila R et al. Role of tobacco smoking, chewing and alcohol drinking in the risk of oral cancer in Trivandrum, India: a nested case-control design using incident cancer cases. Oral Oncol 2008; 44(5): 44654.
  • 12
    Sanghvi LD, Rao KCM, Khanolkar VR. Smoking and Chewing of Tobacco in relation to Cancers of the upper alimentary tract. Br Med J 1955; 1: 11114.
  • 13
    Rahman M, Sakamoto J, Fukui T. Bidi smoking and oral cancer: a meta-analysis. Int J Cancer 2003; 106(4): 6004.
  • 14
    Rao DN, Desai PB. Risk assessment of tobacco, alcohol and diet in cancers of base tongue and oral tongue--a case control study. Indian J Cancer 1998; 35(2): 6572.
  • 15
    Reddy SK, Gupta PC. Report on Tobacco control in India. New Delhi: Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, 2004.
  • 16
    Nair MK, Nambi KS, Amma NS et al. Population study in the high natural background radiation area in Kerala, India. Radiat Res 1999; 152(6 Suppl): S1458.
  • 17
    Nair MK, Gangadharan P, Jayalakshmi P, Reghuram KN, Mani KS. Natural Background Radiation Cancer Registry, Technical Report 1990–1999. Trivandrum, Kerala, India: Regional Cancer Center, Trivandrum, 2004.
  • 18
    Nair MK, Amma S, Gangadharan P. Cancer incidence in Karunagapally 1991–1992, Kerala, India. In: ParkinDM, WhelanSL, FerlayJ, RaymondL, YoungJ, eds. Cancer Incidence in five Continents, vol VII. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1997; IARC Publication No. 143: 3503.
  • 19
    Nair MK, Gangadharan P, Jayalakshmi P, Mani KS. Cancer incidence in Karunagapally 1993–1997, Kerala, India. In: ParkinDM, WhelanSL, FerlayJ, TeppoL, ThomasDB, eds. Cancer Incidence in five Continents, vol VIII. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2002; IARC Publication No. 155: 2401.
  • 20
    Jayalekshmi P, Rajan B. Cancer incidence in Karunagapally 1998–2002, Kerala, India. In: CuardoMP, EdwardsB, ShinHR, StormH, FerlayJ, HeanueM, BoyleP, eds. Cancer Incidence in five Continents, vol IX. IARC Publication No. 160. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 2007.
  • 21
    Gangadharan P, Jayalekshmi O, Binu VS, Sreekumar MR. Cancer morbidity and mortality in Karunagappally, 1993–2001. Natural Background Radiation Cancer Registry. Trivandrum: Regional Cancer Center, 2004.
  • 22
    Nandakumar A, Ramnath T, Roselind FS et al. , (eds) Two-year Report of the Population Based Cancer Registries. Bangalore: National Cancer Registry Programme, 2005.
  • 23
    Breslow NE, Day NE. Statistical Methods in Cancer Research. Volume 2 – The design and analysis of cohort studies, IARC Scientific Publications number 82. Lyon: International Agency for Research on Cancer, 1987.
  • 24
    Preston D, Lubin J, Pierce D, McConney M. Epicure Users Manual Guide. Hirosoft International Corporation, Seattle, 1993.
  • 25
    Jayalekshmy PA, Akiba S, Nair MK et al. Bidi smoking and lung cancer incidence among males in Karunagappally cohort in Kerala, India. Int J Cancer 2008; 15: 13907.
  • 26
    Blot WJ, McLaughlin JK, Devesa SS, Fraumeni JF. Cancers of the oral cavity and pharynx. In: SchottenfeldD, FraumeniJF, eds. Cancer Epidemiology and Prevention. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996; 66680.
  • 27
    Subapriya R, Thangavelu A, Mathavan B, Ramachandran CR, Nagini S. Assessment of risk factors for oral squamous cell carcinoma in Chidambaram, Southern India: a case-control study. Eur J Cancer Prev 2007; 16: 2516.
  • 28
    Faggiano F, Partane T, Kogevinas M, Bofetta P. Socioeconomic Differences in Cancer Incidence and Mortality. IARC Scientific publication No 138. Lyon: IARC Press, 1997; 65176.
  • 29
    Hashibe M, Jacob BJ, Thomas G et al. Socioeconomic status, lifestyle factors and oral premalignant lesions. Oral Oncol 2003; 39(7): 66471.
  • 30
    Michael EJ, Singh B. Mixed signals from Kerala’s improving health status. J R Soc Health 2003; 123: 338.
  • 31
    Winn DM. Tobacco chewing and snuff dipping: an association with human cancer. IARC Sci Publ 1984; 57: 83749.