• Open Access

Reduced expression of ubiquitin ligase FBXW7 mRNA is associated with poor prognosis in breast cancer patients

Authors


To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: ys-yama@triton.ocn.ne.jp

Abstract

FBXW7 is a cell cycle regulatory gene that ubiquitinates positive cell cycle regulators such as c-Myc and cyclin E, allowing for cell cycle exit. Defects in the FBXW7 gene that lead to cell cycle re-entry and expedite the G1-S transition is thought to be one of the causes of cancer development. However, its clinical importance for breast cancer patients remains undetermined. This prompted us to investigate its expression level in breast cancer patients to establish its clinical significance. The expression level of FBXW7 mRNA was assessed in 186 cases of primary invasive breast cancer. Correlations between FBXW7 mRNA expression and clinicopathological factors, prognoses and immunohistochemical expression levels of Ki-67, FBXW7, c-Myc and cyclin E were analyzed. In vitro investigation of FBXW7 gene silencing in a breast cancer cell line was conducted. FBXW7 mRNA was expressed at significantly lower levels in patients with high histological grade and hormone receptor-negative tumors. Patients with lower FBXW7 mRNA expression had a poorer prognosis for breast cancer-specific survival than those with higher expression. A high Ki-67 labeling index and positive cyclin E protein expression were significantly correlated with lower FBXW7 mRNA expression. In vitro, silencing FBXW7 enhanced expression of c-Myc and cyclin E proteins and upregulated both cell proliferation and G1-S transition. In breast cancer, reduced FBXW7 mRNA expression may have independent prognostic potential through the enhanced function of cell cycle regulatory proteins. (Cancer Sci 2011; 102: 439–445)

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