• Open Access

Mitochondrial p32/C1QBP is highly expressed in prostate cancer and is associated with shorter prostate-specific antigen relapse time after radical prostatectomy


To whom correspondence should be addressed.
E-mail: uchiumi@cclm.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp; kang@cclm.med.kyushu-u.ac.jp


Mitochondria are key organelles for ATP production and apoptosis. Therefore, impairment of mitochondria can modulate or accelerate cancer progression. p32, originally identified as a pre-mRNA splicing factor SF2/ASF-associated protein, is localized predominantly in the mitochondrial matrix and involved in mitochondria respiration. Recently, p32 was implicated in apoptosis and resultantly cancer progression. However, little is known about the expression and function of p32 in human tumors including prostate cancer. Here, we investigated the expression of p32 in 148 prostate carcinoma tissues by immunohistochemistry and found a positive correlation of p32 expression to clinicopathological parameters including follow-up data. p32 is highly expressed in prostate tumor samples and its expression is significantly associated with the Gleason score, pathological stage and relapse. For localized cancers, high p32 is a strong and independent predictor of clinical recurrence in multivariate analysis (= 0.01). In addition, p32 is overexpressed in the prostate cancer cell lines examined. The selective knockdown of p32 by RNA interference inhibits the growth of prostate cancer cell lines but not of a non-cancerous cell line. The p32 RNA interference decreases cyclin D1, increases p21 expression and causes a G1/S cell cycle arrest in prostate cancer cells. These data suggest that p32 is critical for prostate cancer cell proliferation and may be a novel marker of clinical progression in prostate cancer. (Cancer Sci 2011; 102: 639–647)