• Open Access

hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism and risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia in a Chinese population

Authors


To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: dryjfang@gmail.com

Abstract

Oxidative DNA damage caused by reactive oxygen species can produce 8-oxoguanine (8-oxoG) in DNA, which is misread and leads to G:C→T:A transversions. This can be carcinogenic. Repair of 8-oxoG by the base excision repair pathway involves the activity of human 8-oxoG DNA glycosylase 1 (hOGG1). Accumulating evidence suggests that the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism affects the activity of hOGG1 and might serve as a genetic marker for susceptibility to several cancers. To determine whether this polymorphism is associated with risk of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in Chinese children, we genotyped the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism (rs1052133) in a case–control study including 415 cases and 511 controls. We found that there was a significant difference in the genotype distributions of the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism between cases and controls (P = 0.046), and the combined genotypes Ser/Ser and Ser/Cys were associated with a statistically significantly decreased risk of ALL (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 0.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.49–0.88, P = 0.005). Furthermore, we found a decreased risk for high risk ALL (adjusted OR = 0.60, 95% CI = 0.40–0.88, P = 0.005), low risk ALL (adjusted OR = 0.68, 95% CI = 0.47–0.99, P = 0.042), and B-phenotype ALL (adjusted OR = 0.63, 95% CI = 0.46–0.86, P = 0.003) among children with the Ser/Ser and Ser/Cys genotypes. Our results suggest that the hOGG1 Ser326Cys polymorphism is associated with susceptibility to childhood ALL in a Chinese population. (Cancer Sci 2011; 102: 1123–1127)

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