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Crk-associated substrate lymphocyte type regulates myeloid cell motility and suppresses the progression of leukemia induced by p210Bcr/Abl


To whom correspondence should be addressed. E-mail: kurokawa-tky@umin.ac.jp


The p210Bcr/Abl and p190Bcr/Abl fusion oncoproteins are known to cause chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Bcr/Abl phosphorylates several proteins that can lead to leukemogenesis. Crk-associated substrate lymphocyte type (Cas-L)/human enhancer of filamentation-1 (HEF1)/neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 9 (NEDD9) is an adapter protein at focal adhesions known to be associated with solid tumor metastasis. Crk-associated substrate lymphocyte type has also been reported to be tyrosine phosphorylated by p190Bcr/Abl. We demonstrated that Cas-L was expressed in murine granulocytes, as well as in lymphocytes, and that Cas-L-deficient (Cas-L−/−) granulocytes had increased migratory activity and decreased adhesiveness. To examine whether Cas-L was involved in leukemogenesis by p210Bcr/Abl, we generated Cas-L−/− p210Bcr/Abl transgenic mice. The mice displayed early development of myeloproliferative neoplasm seen in the chronic phase of CML, which resulted in the early death of the mice. Pathologically, increased infiltration of myeloid cells into several tissues was detected in the absence of Cas-L. In a hematopoietic reconstitution assay, Cas-L−/− p210Bcr/Abl transgenic cells showed a low population in the spleen, although only their myeloid cell population was normal. Thus, Cas-L seems to regulate the progression of CML in a negative way, presumably by attenuating extramedullary hyperplasia. (Cancer Sci 2011; 102: 2109–2117)