• 1
    Kissin, B. and Begleiter, H., eds. (1983). The Biology of Alcoholism; vol. 6: The Pathogenesis of Alcoholism: Psychosocial Factors. New York and London , Plenum.
  • 2
    Room, R. (1973). The social psychology of drug dependence. Pp. 6975 in: [Hawks, D., ed.,] The Epidemiology of Drug Dependence: Report on a Conference: London 25–29 September, 1972. Copenhagen, World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe.
  • 3
    Alcoholics Anonymous (1939). New York , Works Publishing, p. 77.
  • 4
    Berridge, V. (1984). Editorial: The centenary issue. British Journal of Addiction, 79, 15.
  • 5
    Bynum, W. F. (1984). Alcoholism and degeneration in 19th Century European medicine and psychiatry. British Journal of Addiction, 79, 5970.
  • 6
    Eddy, N. B., Halbach, H., Isbell, M. and Seevers, M. H. (1965). Drug dependence: Its significance and characteristics, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 32, 721733.
  • 7
    Room, R. (1973). The Amsterdam Congress. Drinking and Drug Practices Surveyor, 7, 16.
  • 8
    Edwards, G., Gross, M. M., Keller, M., Moser, J. and Room, R., (Eds.) (1977). Alcohol-Related Disabilities. Geneva , World Health Organization, Offset Publication No. 32.
  • 9
    Edwards, G., Arif, A. and Hodgson, R. (1981). Nomenclature and classification of drug-and alcohol-related problems: A WHO memorandum, Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 59, 225242.
  • 10
    Edwards, G. (1984). Drinking in longitudinal perspective: Career and natural history, British Journal of Addictio. 79, 175183.
  • 11
    Straus, R. (1979). The challenge for reconceptualization, Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Supplement 8, 279–288.
  • 12
    Bruun, K. (1959). Drinking Behaviour in Small Groups. Helsinki , Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies.
  • 13
    Room, R. (1984). The World Health Organization and alcohol control. British Journal of Addiction, 79, 8592.
  • 14
    Room, R. (1984). Alcohol problems and the sociological constructivist approach: Quagmire or path forward? Presented at the annual meeting of the Alcohol Epidemiology Section, International Council on Alcohol and Addictions, Edinburgh, June 4–8.
  • 15
    Comment by Mark Keller on p.105 of: Gerstein, D. R. (Ed). (1984). Toward the Prevention of Alcohol Problems: Government, Business and Community Action. Washington , DC , National Academy Press.
  • 16
    Goodwin, D. W. (1983). On defining alcoholism and taking stands. Pp. 15 in: Cleminshaw, H. K. and Truitt, E. B., (Eds.) Alcoholism: New Perspectives. Akron , Ohio , University of Akron Center for Urban Studies.
  • 17
    Jellinek, E. M. (1952). Phases of alcohol addiction. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 13, 673684.
  • 18
    Lemert, E. (1951). Social Pathology: A Systematic Approach to the Theory of Sociopathic Behavior. New York , McGraw-Hill, pp. 356, 348–9.
  • 19
    McCormick, M. (1969). First representations of the gamma alcoholic in the English novel. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 30, 957980.
  • 20
    Russell, M. (1984). Smoking as a form of drug dependence. Presented at the Centennial Symposium of the Society for the Study of Addiction to Alcohol and other Drugs, ‘Addiction: A Hundred Years On’, at the Royal Society, London, 25 October.
  • 21
    Levine, H. G. (1978). The discovery of addiction: Changing conceptions of habitual drunkeness in America. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 39, 143174.
  • 22
    B., Bill. (1981). Compulsive Overeater: The Basic Text for Compulsive Overeaten. Minneapolis , CompCare Publications.
  • 23
    Goleman, D. (1984). Some sexual behaviour viewed as an addiction. New York Times October 16, pp. 19, 21.
  • 24
    See, for example, Keller, M. (1960). Definition of alcoholism. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 21, 125134.
  • 25
    Room, R. (1984). Alcohol and ethnography: A case of problem deflation? (with comments and a response). Current Anthropology, 25, 169191.
  • 26
    Leland, J. (1976). Firewater Myths: North American Indian Drinking and Alcohol Addiction. New Brunswick, N. J. : Rutgers Centre of Alcohol Studies, Monograph No. 11, pp. 5455.
  • 27
    Kunitz, S. J. and Levy, J. E. (1974). Changing ideas of alcohol use among Navaho Indians. Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 35, 243259.
  • 28
    See discussion in Chapter 2 of: Djurfeldt G. and Lindberg, S. (1975). Pills against Poverty: A Study of the Introduction of Western Medicine in a Tamil Village. Lund , Sweden , Scandinavian Institute of Asian Studies Monograph No. 23, Curzon Press.
  • 29
    Wig, N. N., Setyonegoro, R. K., Shen, Yucun and Sell, H. L. (1982). State of diagnosis and classification in the 1980s: The Third World. Prepared for an International Conference on Diagnosis and Classification of Mental Disorders and Alcohol-and Drug-Related Problems, World Health Organization, Copenhagen, 13–17 April.
  • 30
    Levy, J. E. and Kunitz, S. J. (1981). Economic and political factors inhibiting the use of basic research findings in Indian alcoholism programs. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, Supplement 9, 6072.
  • 31
    Caetano, R. (forthcoming). Two versions of dependence: The DSM-III and the alcohol dependence syndrome. Drug and Alcohol Dependence..
  • 32
    Jellinek, E. M., (1960). Alcoholism, a genus and some of its species. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 83, 13411345.
  • 33
    Mäkelä, K., Room, R., Single, E., Sulkunen, P., Walsh, B., with 13 others (1981). Alcohol, Society and the State: I. A Comparative Study of Alcohol Control. Toronto , Addiction Research Foundation, p.64.
  • 34
    See Room, R. and Collins, G. (Eds.) (1983). Alcohol and Disinhibition: Nature and Meaning of the Link, NIAAA Research Monograph No. 12. Washington , DC : U.S. Government Printing Office, DHHS Publication No. (ADM) 83-1246.