An Evaluation of Three Treatment Programmes for Alcoholism: an experimental study with 6-and 18-month follow-ups
Article first published online: 24 JAN 2006
British Journal of Addiction
Volume 83, Issue 1, pages 67–81, January 1988
How to Cite
CHAPMAN, P. L. H. and HUYGENS, I. (1988), An Evaluation of Three Treatment Programmes for Alcoholism: an experimental study with 6-and 18-month follow-ups. British Journal of Addiction, 83: 67–81. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1988.tb00454.x
- Issue published online: 13 FEB 2010
- Article first published online: 24 JAN 2006
The comparative effects of alcoholism treatment programmes were examined by randomly assigning 113 male and female detoxified alcoholics to either: a 6-week inpatient programme, a 6-week outpatient programme or a single confrontational interview. On a variety of outcome measures, that included both levels of drinking and general functioning taken 6 and 18 months after intake, no treatment appeared to be consistently more effective than another. Furthermore, those who stayed in treatment did not show significantly more long-term improvement than those who refused or dropped out of treatment.
Abstinent subjects felt more often than drinkers that they had achieved the goals they had set themselves and by the final follow-up there were many positive differences in apparent lifestyle.
Although individual drinking patterns were unstable, on average, almost half the subjects located had either abstained or were drinking moderately. Patient and treatment variables combined explained up to 57% of the variance in amount drunk after treatment, with patient variables providing the strongest associations.