• Abrams, D. B., Herzog, T. A., Emmons, K. M. & Linnan, L. (2000) Stages of change versus addiction: a replication and extension. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 2, 223229.
  • Adams, J. & White, M. (2005) Why don’t stage-based activity promotion interventions work?’ Health Education Research, 20, 237243.
  • Baumeister, R. F., Heatherton, T. F. & Tice, D. (1994) Losing Control: How and Why People Fail at Self-Regulation. San Diego: Academic Press.
  • Bunton, R., Baldwin, S., Flynn, D. & Whitelaw, J. (2000) The ‘stages of change’ model in health promotion: science and ideology. Critical Public Health, 10, 5570.
  • De Nooijer, J., Van Assema, P., De Vet, E. & Brug, J. (2005) How stable are stages of change for nutrition behaviors in the Netherlands? Health Promotion International, 20, 2732.
  • DiClemente, C. C., Schlundt, D. & Gemmell, L. (2004) Readiness and stages of change in addiction treatment. American Journal of Addiction, 13, 103119.
  • Etter, J. F. & Perneger, T. V. (1999) A comparison of two measures of stage of change for smoking cessation. Addiction, 94, 18811889.
  • Etter, J. F. & Sutton, S. (2002) Assessing ‘stage of change’ in current and former smokers. Addiction, 97, 11711182.
  • Farkas, A. J., Pierce, J. P., Zhu, S.-H., Rosbrook, B. , Gilpin, E. A., Berry, C. & Kaplan, R. M. (1996) Addiction versus stages of change models in predicting smoking cessation. Addiction, 91, 12711280; discussion 1281–1292.
    Direct Link:
  • Garcia, K. & Mann, T. (2003) From ‘I Wish’ to ‘I Will’: social-cognitive predictors of behavioral intentions. Journal of Health Psychology, 8, 347360.
  • Hernandez-Avila, C. A., Burleson, J. A. & Kranzler, H. R. (1998) Stage of Change as a predictor of abstinence among alcohol-dependent subjects in pharmacotherapy trials. Substance Abuse, 19, 8191.
  • Herzog, T. A., Abrams, D. B., Emmons, K. M., Linnan, L. A. & Shadel, W. G. (1999) Do processes of change predict smoking stage movements? A prospective analysis of the transtheoretical model. Health Psychology, 18, 369375.
  • Hodgins, D. C. (2001) Stages of Change assessments in alcohol problems: agreement across self- and clinician-reports. Substance Abuse, 22, 8796.
  • Hughes, J., Keeley, J., Fagerstrom, K. O. & Callas, P. W. (2005) Intentions to quit smoking change over short periods of time. Addictive Behaviors, 30, 653662.
  • Kearney, M. H. & O'Sullivan, J. (2003) Identity shifts as turning points in health behavior change. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 25, 134152.
  • Lancaster, T. & Stead, L. F. (2002) Self-help interventions for smoking cessation. Cochrane Database Systematic Reviews, CD001118.
  • Larabie, L. (in press) To what extent do smokers plan quit attempts? Tobacco Control???.
  • Littell, J. H. & Girvin, H. (2002) Stages of change. A critique. Behavior Modification, 26, 223273.
  • Mook, D. G. (1996) Motivation: the Organization of Action. New York: W. W. Norton.
  • Pisinger, C., Vestbo, J., Borch-Johnsen, K. & Jørgensen, T. (2005a) It is possible to help smokers in early motivational stages to quit. The Inter99 study. Preventive Medicine, 40, 278284.
  • Pisinger, C., Vestbo, J., Borch-Johnsen, K. & Jørgensen, T. (2005b) Smoking cessation intervention in a large randomised population-based study. The Inter99 study. Preventive Medicine, 40, 285292.
  • Prochaska, J. O., DiClemente, C. C., Velicer, W. F., Ginpil, S. & Norcross, J. C. (1985) Predicting change in smoking status for self-changers. Addictive Behaviors, 10, 395406.
  • Prochaska, J. O. & Goldstein, M. G. (1991) Process of smoking cessation. Implications for clinicians. Clinical Chest Medicine, 12, 727735.
  • Prochaska, J. O. & Velicer, W. F. (1997) The transtheoretical model of health behavior change. American Journal of Health Promotion, 12, 3848.
  • Reed, D. N., Wolf, B. Jr, Barber, K. R., Kotlowski, R. , Montanez, M. , Saxe, A. , et al. (2005) The stages of change questionnaire as a predictor of trauma patients most likely to decrease alcohol use. Journal of the American College of Surgeons, 200, 179185.
  • Riemsma, R. P., Pattenden, J., Bridle, C. , Sowden, A. J., Mather, L. , Watt, I. S. & Walker, A. (2003) Systematic review of the effectiveness of stage based interventions to promote smoking cessation. BMJ, 326, 11751177.
  • Robinson, T. E. & Berridge, K. C. (2003) Addiction. Annual Review of Psychology, 54, 2553.
  • Russell, M. A., Wilson, C., Taylor, C. & Baker, C. (1979) Effect of general practitioners’ advice against smoking. BMJ, 2, 231235.
  • Salamone, J. D., Correa, M., Mingote, S. & Weber, S. M. (2003) Nucleus accumbens dopamine and the regulation of effort in food-seeking behavior: implications for studies of natural motivation, psychiatry, and drug abuse. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 305, 18.
  • Van Sluijs, E. M., Van Poppel, M. N. & Van Mechelen, W. (2004) Stage-based lifestyle interventions in primary care: are they effective? American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 26, 330343.
  • Sutton, S. (2001) Back to the drawing board? A review of applications of the transtheoretical model to substance use. Addiction, 96, 175186.
  • West, R. (in press) Theory of Addiction. Oxford: Blackwells Publishing Ltd.
  • Whitelaw, S., Baldwin, S., Bunton, R. & Flynn, D. (2000) The status of evidence and outcomes in Stages of Change research. Health Education Research, 15, 707718.
  • Zwar, N. & Richmond, R. (2002) Bupropion sustained release. A therapeutic review of Zyban. Australian Family Physician, 31, 443447.