Reasons for drinking less and their relationship to sustained remission from problem drinking
Version of Record online: 17 AUG 2005
Volume 100, Issue 11, pages 1637–1646, November 2005
How to Cite
Matzger, H., Kaskutas, L. A. and Weisner, C. (2005), Reasons for drinking less and their relationship to sustained remission from problem drinking. Addiction, 100: 1637–1646. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01203.x
- Issue online: 9 SEP 2005
- Version of Record online: 17 AUG 2005
- Submitted 18 November 2004; initial review completed 8 February 2005; final version accepted 28 March 2005
- Life events;
- longitudinal research;
- remission from alcohol problems
Aims To compare representative general population and treated samples on their reasons for drinking less and whether particular reasons were related to sustained remission from problem drinking for either group.
Participants and design A total of 659 problem drinking adults in a Northern California county identified through a probability survey in the general population (n = 239) and a survey of consecutive admissions to public and private alcohol and drug programs (n = 420), who reported drinking less at the one-year follow-up and provided reasons for reducing their drinking, were assessed 1-, 3-, and 5-years post-baseline regarding their problem drinking status.
Measurements Logistic regression models were used to predict sustained remission from problem drinking.
Results While the treated sample endorsed a majority of reasons in significantly higher proportions than the general population sample, the same three reasons were significant for both groups in predicting sustained remission from problem drinking: hitting rock bottom, experiencing a traumatic event and undergoing a spiritual awakening. Interventions by medical personnel and family members were either non-significant predictors or significantly negatively related to sustained improvement for both general population and treated problem drinkers.
Conclusions General population and treatment samples have similar reasons for cutting down as they relate to sustained remission from problem drinking.