Address where work was carried out: University of Kansas Medical Center. 3901 Rainbow Boulevard, Kansas City, Kansas 66160.
Relationship between menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among African American light smokers
Article first published online: 4 OCT 2007
Volume 102, Issue 12, pages 1979–1986, December 2007
How to Cite
Okuyemi, K. S., Faseru, B., Sanderson Cox, L., Bronars, C. A. and Ahluwalia, J. S. (2007), Relationship between menthol cigarettes and smoking cessation among African American light smokers. Addiction, 102: 1979–1986. doi: 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.02010.x
- Issue published online: 4 OCT 2007
- Article first published online: 4 OCT 2007
- Submitted 6 July 2006; initial review completed 4 October 2006; final version accepted 23 May 2007
- African Americans;
- clinical trial;
- health education;
- light smokers;
- motivational interviewing;
- nicotine replacement therapy;
- secondary analysis;
- smoking cessation
Aims To determine whether African American light smokers who smoked menthol cigarettes had lower cessation when treated with nicotine replacement therapy and counseling.
Design Data were derived from a clinical trial that assessed the efficacy of 2 mg nicotine gum (versus placebo) and counseling (motivational interviewing counseling versus Health Education) for smoking cessation among African American light smokers (smoked ≤ 10 cigarettes per day).
Participants The sample consisted of 755 African American light smokers.
Measurements The primary outcome variable was verified 7-day point-prevalence smoking cessation at 26 weeks follow-up. Verification was by salivary cotinine.
Findings Compared to non-menthol smokers, menthol smokers were younger and less confident to quit smoking (P = 0.023). At 26 weeks post-randomization, 7-day verified abstinence rate was significantly lower for menthol smokers (11.2% versus 18.8% for non-menthol, P = 0.015).
Conclusions Among African American light smokers, use of menthol cigarettes is associated with lower smoking cessation rates. Because the majority of African American smokers use menthol cigarettes, a better understanding of the mechanism for this lower quit rate is needed.