SEARCH

SEARCH BY CITATION

References

  • 1
    Lynch W. J., Carroll M. E. Regulation of drug intake. Exp Clin Psychopharmacol 2001; 9: 13143.
  • 2
    Arnold J. M., Roberts D. C. A critique of fixed and progressive ratio schedules used to examine the neural substrates of drug reinforcement. Pharmacol Biochem Behav 1997; 57: 4417.
  • 3
    Bickel W. K., DeGrandpre R. J., Higgins S. T. Behavioral economics: a novel experimental approach to the study of drug dependence. Drug Alcohol Depend 1993; 33: 17392.
  • 4
    Negus S. S. Rapid assessment of choice between cocaine and food in rhesus monkeys: effects of environmental manipulations and treatment with d-amphetamine and flupenthixol. Neuropsychopharmacology 2003; 28: 91931.
  • 5
    Goldberg S. R., Kelleher R. T., Morse W. H. Second-order schedules of drug injection. Fed Proc 1975; 34: 17716.
  • 6
    Schindler C. W., Panlilio L. V., Goldberg S. R. Second-order schedules of drug self-administration in animals. Psychopharmacology 2002; 163: 32744.
  • 7
    Everitt B. J., Robbins T. W. Second-order schedules of drug reinforcement in rats and monkeys: measurement of reinforcing efficacy and drug-seeking behaviour. Psychopharmacology 2000; 153: 1730.
  • 8
    Yasar S., Gaal J., Panlilio L. V., Justinova Z., Molnar S. V., Redhi G. H. et al. A comparison of drug-seeking behavior maintained by d-amphetamine, l-deprenyl (selegiline), and d-deprenyl under a second-order schedule in squirrel monkeys. Psychopharmacology 2006; 183: 41321.
  • 9
    Thompson T., Schuster C. R. Morphine self-administration, food-reinforced, and avoidance behaviors in rhesus monkeys. Psychopharmacologia 1964; 5: 8794.
  • 10
    Olmstead M. C., Parkinson J. A., Miles F. J., Everitt B. J., Dickinson A. Cocaine-seeking by rats: regulation, reinforcement and activation. Psychopharmacology 2000; 152: 12331.
  • 11
    Panlilio L. V., Weiss S. J., Schindler C. W. Cocaine self-administration increased by compounding discriminative stimuli. Psychopharmacology 1996; 125: 2028.
  • 12
    Shaham Y., Shalev U., Lu L., De Wit H., Stewart J. The reinstatement model of drug relapse: history, methodology and major findings. Psychopharmacology 2003; 168: 320.
  • 13
    Panlilio L. V., Thorndike E. B., Schindler C. W. Reinstatement of punishment-suppressed opioid self-administration in rats: an alternative model of relapse to drug abuse. Psychopharmacology 2003; 168: 22935.
  • 14
    Panlilio L. V., Thorndike E. B., Schindler C. W. Lorazepam reinstates punishment-suppressed remifentanil self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology 2005; 179: 37482.
  • 15
    Balster R. L., Schuster C. R. Fixed-interval schedule of cocaine reinforcement: effect of dose and infusion duration. J Exp Anal Behav 1973; 20: 11929.
  • 16
    Ko M. C., Terner J., Hursh S., Woods J. H., Winger G. Relative reinforcing effects of three opioids with different durations of action. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 2002; 301: 698704.
  • 17
    Sughondhabirom A., Jain D., Gueorguieva R., Coric V., Berman R., Lynch W. J. et al. A paradigm to investigate the self-regulation of cocaine administration in humans. Psychopharmacology 2005; 180: 43646.
  • 18
    Panlilio L. V., Yasar S., Nemeth-Coslett R., Katz J. L., Henningfield J. E., Solinas M. et al. Human cocaine-seeking behavior and its control by drug-associated stimuli in the laboratory. Neuropsychopharmacology 2005; 30: 43343.
  • 19
    College on Problems of Drug Dependence. Human subject issues in drug abuse research. Drug Alcohol Depend 1995; 37: 16775.
  • 20
    Thomsen M., Caine S. B. Intravenous drug self-administration in mice: practical considerations. Behav Genet 2007; 37: 10118.
  • 21
    Goldberg S. R., Spealman R. D., Goldberg D. M. Persistent behavior at high rates maintained by intravenous self-administration of nicotine. Science 1981; 214: 5735.
  • 22
    Rawson R. A., McCann M. J., Flammino F., Shoptaw S., Miotto K., Reiber C. et al. A comparison of contingency management and cognitive–behavioral approaches for stimulant-dependent individuals. Addiction 2006; 101: 26774.
  • 23
    Deneau G., Yanagita T., Seevers M. H. Self-administration of psychoactive substances by the monkey. Psychopharmacologia 1969; 16: 3048.
  • 24
    Thompson T., Schuster C. R. Morphine self-administration, food-reinforced and avoidance behaviors in rhesus monkeys. Psychopharmacologia 1964; 5: 81794.
  • 25
    Weeks J. R., Collins R. J. Factors affecting voluntary morphine intake in self-maintained addicted rats. Psychopharmacologia 1964; 6: 26779.
  • 26
    Lamb R. J., Preston K. L., Schindler C. W., Meisch R. A., Davis F., Katz J. L. et al. The reinforcing and subjective effects of morphine in post-addicts: a dose–response study. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 1991; 259: 116573.
  • 27
    Koob G. F., Ahmed S. H., Boutrel B., Chen S. A., Kenny P. J., Markou A. et al. Neurobiological mechanisms in the transition from drug use to drug dependence. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2004; 27: 73949.
  • 28
    Liu Y., Roberts D. C., Morgan D. Effects of extended-access self-administration and deprivation on breakpoints maintained by cocaine in rats. Psychopharmacology 2005; 179: 6445.
  • 29
    Lenoir M., Ahmed S. H. Heroin-induced reinstatement is specific to compulsive heroin use and dissociable from heroin reward and sensitization. Neuropsychopharmacology 2007; 32: 61624.
  • 30
    Kippin T. E., Fuchs R. A., See R. E. Contributions of prolonged contingent and noncontingent cocaine exposure to enhanced reinstatement of cocaine seeking in rats. Psychopharmacology 2006; 187: 607.
  • 31
    Ahmed S. H., Walker J. R., Koob G. F. Persistent increase in the motivation to take heroin in rats with a history of drug escalation. Neuropsychopharmacology 2000; 22: 41321.
  • 32
    Perry J. L., Morgan A. D., Anker J. J., Dess N. K., Carroll M. E. Escalation of i.v. cocaine self-administration and reinstatement of cocaine-seeking behavior in rats bred for high and low saccharin intake. Psychopharmacology 2006; 186: 23545.
  • 33
    Vanderschuren L. J., Everitt B. J. Drug seeking becomes compulsive after prolonged cocaine self-administration. Science 2004; 305: 101719.
  • 34
    Deroche-Gamonet V., Belin D., Piazza P. V. Evidence for addiction-like behavior in the rat. Science 2004; 305: 101417.
  • 35
    Bozarth M. A., Wise R. A. Toxicity associated with long-term intravenous heroin and cocaine self-administration in the rat. JAMA 1985; 254: 813.
  • 36
    Dickinson A., Wood N., Smith J. W. Alcohol seeking by rats: action or habit? Q J Exp Psychol B 2002; 55: 33148.
  • 37
    Miles F. J., Everitt B. J., Dickinson A. Oral cocaine seeking by rats: action or habit? Behav Neurosci 2003; 117: 92738.
  • 38
    Adams C. D. Variations in the sensitivity of instrumental responding to reinforcer devaluation. Q J Exp Psychol 1982; 34: 7798.
  • 39
    Spanagel R., Heilig M. Addiction and its brain science. Addiction 2005; 100: 181322.
  • 40
    Wise R. A., Newton P., Leeb K., Burnette B., Pocock D., Justice J. B. Fluctuations in nucleus accumbens dopamine concentration during intravenous cocaine self-administration in rats. Psychopharmacology 1995; 120: 1020.
  • 41
    Martinez D., Narendran R., Foltin R. W., Slifstein M., Hwang D. R., Broft A. et al. Amphetamine-induced dopamine release: markedly blunted in cocaine dependence and predictive of the choice to self-administer cocaine. Am J Psychiatry 2007; 164: 6229.