• 1
    Bergmark A. On treatment mechanisms—what can we learn from the COMBINE study? Addiction 2008; 103: 7035.
  • 2
    Tucker J. A., Roth D. I. Extending the evidence hierarchy to enhance evidence-based practice for substance use disorders. Addiction 2006; 101: 98132.
  • 3
    Morgenstern J., McKay J. R. Rethinking the paradigms that inform behavioral treatment research for substance use disorders. Addiction 2007; 102: 137789.
  • 4
    Morgenstern J., Bux D., Labouvie E., Blanchard K. A., Morgan T. J. Examining mechanisms of action in 12-step treatment: the role of 12-step cognitions. J Stud Alcohol 2002; 63: 66572.
  • 5
    Humphreys K., Tucker J. A. Towards more responsive and effective intervention systems for alcohol-related problems. Addiction 2002; 97: 12632.
  • 6
    Moos R. H. Theory-based active ingredients of effective treatments for substance use disorders. Drug Alcohol Depend 2007; 88: 10921.
  • 7
    Orford J. Asking the right questions in the right way: the need for a shift in research on psychological treatments for addiction. Addiction; in press.
  • 8
    Shapiro D., Harper D., Startup M., Reynolds S., Bird D., Suokas A. The high-water mark of the drug metaphor: a meta-analytic critique of process outcome research. In: RussellR. L., editor. Reassessing Psychotherapy Research. New York: Guilford Press; 1994.
  • 9
    Orford J. Excessive Appetites: A Psychological View of Addictions. Chichester: Wiley; 2001.
  • 10
    Anton R., O'Malley S., Ciraulo D., Cister R., Couper D., Donovan D. et al. Combined pharmacotherapies and behavioral interventions for alcohol dependence. The COMBINE study: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA 2006; 295: 200317.
  • 11
    UK Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT) Research Team. Effectiveness of treatment for alcohol problems: findings of the randomised United Kingdom Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT). BMJ 2005; 331: 5414.
  • 12
    Tober G., Clyne W., Finnegan O., Farrin A., Russell I. in collaboration with the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT) Research Team. Validation of a scale for rating the process of delivery of psycho-social treatments for alcohol dependence and misuse: the UKATT process rating scale. Alcohol Alcohol; 2008 in press.
  • 13
    Orford J., Hodgson R., Copello A., John B., Smith M., Black R. et al. on behalf of the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial (UKATT) Research Team. The client's perspective on change during treatment of alcohol problems: qualitative analysis of follow-up interviews in the UK Alcohol Treatment Trial. Addiction 2006; 101: 608.
  • 14
    Wampold B. The Great Psychotherapy Debate—Models, Methods and Findings. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates; 2001.
  • 15
    Finney J. W., Moos R. H. Entering treatment for alcohol abuse: a stress and coping model. Addiction 1995; 90: 122340.